Psychological Distress an Coping Responses to Confinement for COVID-19




coping responses, psychological distress, COVID-19, confinement


The statement of the global pandemic situation due to COVID in 2020 led to the implementation of measures to confine the population and limit social contact, bringing with it economic and employment insecurity, which makes it a highly stressful event. These produce psychological distress encourage individuals to deploy coping strategies to overcome the effects. A field study was designed to find out the psychological distress caused by strict confinement and what coping responses triggered individuals to face this event and, through them, evaluate the effectiveness of coping exercised. To do this, a community sample with 338 participants who responded to a measure of psychological distress and another of coping with confinement was evaluated. The results showed a rate of moderate and clinical deteriorate cases (.834) significantly higher than expected, with an increase in the rate of cases due to the pandemic of 88%. In relation to the coping responses, the results revealed an increase in the use of avoidance strategies, decreasing confidence (-64.5%) in approximate strategies for coping with confinement due to the pandemic. In addition, coping with confinement due to pandemic increased the use of cognitive and behavioral strategies. Regarding the rate of use of the strategies, a significant frequency of employment was observed in all of them, the Emotional discharge strategy being significantly the most activated. The efficacy of the strategies deployed by the population to cope with confinement due to pandemic, characterized as maladaptive, passive, avoidant and focused on emotions, and the implications for the design of empowerment programs are discussed.


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How to Cite

Seijo, D. ., Montes, Álvaro ., Marcos, V. ., Sanmarco, J. ., & Novo, M. . (2021). Psychological Distress an Coping Responses to Confinement for COVID-19. Acción Psicológica, 18(1), 189–204.