Adoption and Homosexual Parenting. Professionals' Attitudes in a Spanish Sample
Keywords:Attitudes, adoption, gay and lesbian, same sex couples, beliefs, social professionals
Agencies:Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (PB96-0700) and with the collaboration of the Servicio de Protección al Menor de la Delegación Provincial de Málaga de la Consejería de Igualdad y Bienestar Social de la Junta de Andalucía (Andalucía, Spain).
The subject of adoption and lesbian or gay applicants has frequently been debated in Spain since the 2005 legislative changes. However, there are few published documents that have addressed the opinions of the professionals responsible for supervision of the adoption process. The general aim of this research was to identify the attitudes of the professionals and case leaders, who work or will work within the adoption process, in relation to same sex parents. With this aim, we used the instruments constructed by Frias et al. (2003) and Brodzinsky (2003), and a questionnaire with 42 questions, which was answered by 38 professionals who agreed to participate. More than 80% considered that the process would have a positive outcome, taking into account the fact that gay and lesbian applicants have to meet the same requirements as any other applicants. However, some professionals feel it necessary to evaluate the applicant's degree of acceptance and satisfaction with their sexual orientation; they also recognize their own need for further specialized training.