Emdr y el modelo de procesamiento adaptativo de la información (pai) mecanismos potenciales de cambio

Autores/as

  • Roger M. Solomon Critical Incident Recovery Resources, Williamsville, NY
  • Francine Shapiro Mental Research Institute, Menlo Park, CA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33898/rdp.v20i80.836

Palabras clave:

modelo de procesamiento adaptativo de la información, mecanismos de cambio, procesamiento de la información, psicoterapia

Resumen

La desensibilización y reprocesamiento mediante movimientos oculares (EMDR) es un abordaje terapéutico que está guiado por el modelo de procesamiento adaptativo de la información (PAI). Este artículo proporciona una breve visión de conjunto de algunos de los principales preceptos del PAI. Se plantea la hipótesis de que la base de la patología clínica radicaría en los recuerdos almacenados disfuncionalmente, derivándose los resultados terapéuticos obtenidos del procesamiento de tales recuerdos dentro de redes adaptativas mayores. A diferencia de las terapias de exposición basadas en la extinción, se postula que los recuerdos considerados como diana en el EMDR pueden sufrir la transmutación durante el procesamiento para ser luego almacenados nuevamente durante el proceso de reconsolidación. Por ello, se proporciona una comparación y un contraste con los modelos de procesamiento de la información basados en la extinción como así también el tratamiento, que incluye las repercusiones que puede tener para la práctica clínica. A lo largo del artículo se comenta una diversidad de mecanismos de acción, incluidos aquellos que se deducen de los principios del modelo PAI como de los propios procedimientos del EMDR, entre los que figura la estimulación bilateral. A fin de investigar las diversas hipótesis, se ofrecen sugerencias de investigación.

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Citas

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Publicado

2009-11-01

Cómo citar

Solomon, R. M., & Shapiro, F. (2009). Emdr y el modelo de procesamiento adaptativo de la información (pai) mecanismos potenciales de cambio. Revista De Psicoterapia, 20(80), 17–37. https://doi.org/10.33898/rdp.v20i80.836