Cognitive deficits and therapeutic approaches in children with cerebral palsy
Keywords:cerebral palsy, cognitive, neuropsychology, therapeutic approaches
Aim: Cerebral palsy (CP) in children can be associated with attention deficits, executive dysfunction or alterations in visuoperceptive abilities. Understanding these deficits and possible therapeutic approaches may improve their quality of life. Methods: In this study, review has been carried out into literature about definition, classification, cognitive profiles and, specially, cognitive stimulation of children with CP, given the limited number of publications on this aspect of neurorehabilitation. Results: Stimulating cognitive development in order to improve quality of life, behaviour and functionality of these children may lead to changes in neuroplasticity. Technique integration, coupled with speech intervention and physiotherapeutic treatment can improve cognition and motivation in children with CP at family and school levels. Conclusions: Children affected by CP and cognitive deficits can benefit from cognitive stimulation and thus improve their quality of life. Clinicians should offer therapeutic intervention focused on children with CP, while not ignoring school and family environment.