Visuospatial neglect: clinical, theoretical and treatment aspects
Keywords:Attention, Hemineglect, Stroke, Neuropsychology, Cognitive rehabilitation
Objective: A descriptive review of the visuo-spatial hemineglect associated with strokes. Most relevant clinical and theoretical aspects are addressed and the different intervention techniques currently used. Development: The visuo-spatial hemineglect is a multimodal neuropsychological deficit associated with brain lesions, mainly of vascular origin. Their presence implies a slower recovery, increased disability and poor response to rehabilitation. Although spontaneous recovery can occur within the first few weeks or months, the passage of time does not necessarily imply an improvement of symptoms. Currently multiple strategies for rehabilitation have been developed, but very few demonstrate lasting effects over time. Conclusions: The prism adaptation is the technique where best results are obtained, although there are controversies regarding its long-term benefits. The various operations described in the article have a transitory impact and the results do not usually translate into an improvement in activities of daily living. Current trends are betting on the combined application of various techniques.
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