Reformulación de los conceptos de resistencia e incumplimiento en la terapia cognitiva


  • Dense Davis Departament os Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenesse 37240
  • Steven D. Hollon Departament os Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenesse 37240


Palabras clave:

resistenciaincumplimiento, terapia cognitiva, fracaso del tratamiento


A pesar de su éxito general , no todo el mundo responde igual a la terapia cognitiva. Algunos clientes muestran dificultades para llevar a cabo sus tareas y otros parece que ofrecen resistencia. Este artículo considera las estrategias para tratar el incumplimiento pasivo y la resistencia activa dentro de la terapia cognitiva. Generalmente, se argumenta que permanecer dentro del modelo cognitivo facilita el proceso de la terapia –es decir, explorando y trabajando estas creencias y actitudes que fundamentan el incumplimiento y resistencia de la misma forma que se enfocan otras creencias y actitudes problemáticas. También se tienen en cuenta las estrategias para tratar las expectativas poco realistas respecto al ritmo de cambio, los errores de los terapeutas que llevan al incumplimiento y a la resistencia y los casos en los que el modelo terapéutico es simplemente insuficiente.


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Cómo citar

Davis, D. ., & Hollon, S. D. . (2001). Reformulación de los conceptos de resistencia e incumplimiento en la terapia cognitiva. Revista de Psicoterapia, 12(46/47), 51–72.