Multidimensional research on university engagement using a mixed method approach



Palabras clave:

Learner engagement, classroom environment, higher education, perception test

Agencias Financiadoras:

Instituto de Ciencias de la Educación, Universitat de Girona


The commitment or academic implication (engagement) of university
students has become a fundamental element for their welfare and academic
performance and, furthermore, it is also related to their professional future
and social commitment. For this reason, the definition of the concept and the
provision of assessment strategies and tools are essential to know the learning
experiences that lead to enhancing the academic involvement of the students.
To develop our research, we have used a mixed quantitative and qualitative
methodology: exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis on the one hand,
and discussion groups using the nominal groups technique on the other hand.
We have set three different objectives: first, to delve into the multidimensional
model of the construct; second, to validate a questionnaire that allows for
evaluation of the students’ perception of the learning methodologies used in
the classroom; and third, to check the manageability of the nominal groups
as a qualitative method of analysis. The results demonstrate that our new
proposal provides a statistically valid instrument aimed at determining the
perceptions of own engagement and an effective, efficient and motivating
qualitative method for students. However, regarding the multidimensionality
of the construct, contrary to the more accepted theoretical point of view that
considers three dimensions of engagement (behaviour, cognition and emotion),
our results only reveal two dimensions (cognitive-emotional and behavioural).
In the discussion and comments section we give possible explanations for this


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Biografía del autor/a

Helena Benito Mundet, Universitat de Girona

Departamento de Empresa

Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales

Esther Llop Escorihuela, Universitat de Girona

Departamento de Biología, Bioquimica y Biología Molecular

Facultat de Ciencias

Marta Verdaguer Planas, Universitat de Girona

Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Agraria y Tecnología alimentaria

Escuela Politécnica Superior

Joaquim Comas Matas, Universitat de Girona

Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Agraria y Tecnología alimentaria

Facultad de Ciencias

Ariadna Lleonart Sitjar, Universitat de Girona

Departamento de Pedagogía

Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación y Psicología

Marta Orts Alis, Instituto Vives Vives

Departamento de Arte

Anna Amadó Codony, Universitat de Girona

Departamento de Psicología

Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación y Psicología

Carles Rostan Sánchez, Universitat de Girona

Departamento de Psicología

Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación y Psicología


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