Efectos y Particularidades del Uso del Mindfulness en el Trastorno Límite de la Personalidad

Autores/as

  • Matilde Elices Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, España. Universidad de la República, Uruguay
  • Cristina Carmona Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, España.
  • Ana Martín-Blanco Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, España.
  • Juan Carlos Pascual Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, España.
  • Joaquín Soler Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, España. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8077-3641

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33898/rdp.v27i103.106

Palabras clave:

mindfulness, trastorno límite de la personalidad, terapia dialéctico-conductual, descentramiento.

Resumen

Distintos estudios muestran que los sujetos con trastorno límite de la personalidad (TLP) presentan –respecto a controles sanos– una menor capacidad de mindfulness, entendida como la habilidad para prestar atención al momento presente de forma no-evaluativa y no-reactiva. Parecería ser que estos déficits en la capacidad de mindfulness se relacionan con algunas de las características del trastorno como la disregulación emocional, la impulsividad o las dificultades en el área interpersonal, y que, el hecho de haber sufrido abuso sexual en la infancia también contribuiría a una menor capacidad de mindfulness. Estudios en los que se han evaluado los efectos del entrenamiento en mindfulness en pacientes con TLP sugieren que éste se relaciona con mejorías en algunos parámetros atencionales (i.e., capacidad de inhibir respuestas) y de impulsividad (i.e., habilidad para tolerar recompensas, percepción temporal). Además, la práctica de mindfulness se asocia con un aumento de la capacidad de descentramiento, describir, no-juzgar y no reaccionar, y con una disminución de la sintomatología límite. En conjunto, la literatura actual sugiere que el mindfulness es eficaz para el tratamiento del TLP, y que intervenciones de este tipo deberían hacer especial énfasis en trabajar aspectos actitudinales del mindfulness, como la capacidad de no-juzgar.

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Publicado

2016-03-01

Cómo citar

Elices, M., Carmona, C., Martín-Blanco, A., Pascual, J. C., & Soler, J. (2016). Efectos y Particularidades del Uso del Mindfulness en el Trastorno Límite de la Personalidad. Revista De Psicoterapia, 27(103), 89–101. https://doi.org/10.33898/rdp.v27i103.106