The Mediating Role of Psychological Strengths Between Academic/Work Interference and Mental Health during COVID-19 Lockdown




Lockdown; academic/work interference; personal resources; psychological adjustment, Lockdown, academic/work interference, personal resources, psychological adjustment


Proyecto MINECO I D i PSI2017-88280-R y Red Excelencia MINECO PSI2017-90650-REDT, Conselleria Educación, Investigación, Cultura y Deporte-Comunidad Valenciana, contrato predoctoral VALi d ACIF/2019/052 y ACIF/2019/055, Vic. Inclusión, Sostenibilidad y Dep


The psychological impact due to the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) has been evidenced. Some of the variables associated with this have been the presence of previous financial problems, being students or being inactive, all of them issues related to the work and academic scope. Consequently, the main objective of the work was to analyze the mediating role that personal strengths for mental health have in the face of academic/work interference caused by lockdown due to COVID-19 in Spain based on work status (students, workers active and inactive), controlling in turn for other sociodemographic variables (sex and age). For the data collection of this descriptive cross-sectional study, an online survey was used, composed of instruments to assess the degree of interference in academic/work activities (ad hoc), maladaptive coping strategies (COPE-28), resilience (CD-RISC), covitality (SEHS), healthy habits (ad hoc), psychological well-being (WHO-5) and psychological distress (PHQ-4). The results showed: on the one hand, that the groups of students and inactivity showed worse mental health indicators and personal resources, while the opposite effect was found in the group of active workers; and, on the other hand, the PROCESS mediation models (model 4) evidenced a damping effect of personal resources between perceived academic/work interference and psychological adjustment indicators (well-being and psychological distress), regardless of the work category. In conclusion, the protective role of personal resources in psychological adjustment during lockdown due to COVID-19 is highlighted


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Author Biographies

Alfonso López-Núñez, Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche

Estudiante de Master de Psicología General Sanitaria Área de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico Departamento de Psicología de la Salud Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche

Jose Antonio Piqueras, Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche

Profesor Titular Área de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico Departamento de Psicología de la Salud y Centro de Psicología Aplicada  Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche

Raquel Falcó, Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche

Ph. D. Student
Área de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico
Departamento de Psicología de la Salud
Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche

STUDY GROUP A PSICO-RECURSOS-COVID-19 , Miguel Hernandez University

The PSICO-RECURSOS COVID-19 study group is formed by (in alphabetical order): Raquel Falcó, Miguel Hernandez University (UMH); Alfonso López-Núñez, Miguel Hernandez University (UMH); Agustín E. Martínez-González, University of Alicante; Juan Carlos Marzo, Miguel Hernandez University (UMH); Ornela Mateu, Miguel Hernandez University (UMH); Beatriz Moreno-Amador, Miguel Hernandez University (UMH); David Pineda, Miguel Hernandez University (UMH); José A. Piqueras, Miguel Hernandez University (UMH); Maria Rivera-Riquelme, Miguel Hernandez University (UMH); Tíscar Rodríguez-Jiménez, Catholic University of Murcia (UCAM); Victoria Soto-Sanz, Miguel Hernandez University (UMH); Verónica Vidal-Arenas, Jaume I University (UJI).


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How to Cite

López-Núñez, A., Piqueras, J. A., Falcó, R., & PSICO-RECURSOS-COVID-19 , S. G. A. (2021). The Mediating Role of Psychological Strengths Between Academic/Work Interference and Mental Health during COVID-19 Lockdown. Acción Psicológica, 18(1), 135–150.