Physical therapy intervention during the rehabilitation process in patients with acquired brain damage
Keywords:Brain injury, rehabilitation, physical therapy, motor function, weakness, endurance
There are different points of view on physical therapy treatament in neurorehabilitation. During the last years physical therapy intervention has been defined as the group of actions that allow the relearning of motor processes in pathological circumstances. Treatament has an holistic focus and the patient is treated as a functional unit with a global organic response. Patient rehabilitation after brain injuy is divided in two periods: acute and subacute. In the beginning of rehabilitation, physical therapy assess the patient´s functional status. Later it uses different holistic methods of treatment and monitor effectiveness of rehabilitation. Physical therapy consists of prevention of complications, improvement of muscle force and range of motion, balance, movement coordination, endurance and cognitive function. Early an proper rehabilitation can help to regain lost functions and to come back to society.