Older Worker Identity and absenteeism: Moderation of Selection, Optimization and Compensation
Keywords:successful aging, older worker identity, social identity, selection, optimization, compensation
Older Worker Identity consists in the internalization of negative beliefs and attitudes towards the aged employees by this people. This research aims to explore the moderator role of Selection, Optimization and Compensation strategies in the relationship between Older worker Identity and absenteeism. The study has been conducted with a sample of 166 Spanish workers aged 55 years and over, which answered two questionnaires, both in Time 1 and Time 2, six months later. Findings support the moderator role both of optimization and compensation in the relationship between Older Worker Identity and absenteeism. Selection strategies, both elective and loss-based, do not moderate the relationship. These findings outline that those workers who actively engaged on optimization and compensation strategies could achieve a successful aging at work. The implications of this study are discussed for counseling practices.