Tratamiento del abuso sexual con emdr.

Autores/as

  • Anabel Gonzalez
  • Dolores Mosquera

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33898/rdp.v20i80.839

Palabras clave:

EMDR, abuso sexual, trauma, psicoterapia, estrés postraumático

Resumen

La terapia EMDR ha obtenido reconocimiento internacional como tratamiento de elección para el trastorno de estrés postraumático, aunque su utilización se ha extendido a numerosas patologías. Desde EMDR se entiende que el origen de los síntomas está en experiencias traumáticas previas que se almacenan en el cerebro de una manera disfuncional. La resolución de los problemas presentes del paciente se consigue a través del procesamiento de las memorias traumáticas, que se reconsolidarán como memorias ordinarias. El procedimiento estándar incluye no sólo el procesamiento de eventos pasados, sino también de las situaciones presentes y la proyección de futuro. Para su aplicación específica en casos de abuso sexual es preciso tener en cuenta si se trata de un abuso temprano y/o prolongado, sobre todo un abuso sexual intrafamiliar, ya que las consecuencias en este caso van más allá de un estrés postraumático simple, como ocurre en un episodio aislado de agresión sexual en un paciente con una historia previa sin elementos de traumatización grave temprana. En este artículo se ejemplificará con casos clínicos la aplicación diferencial en ambos casos.

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Publicado

2009-11-01

Cómo citar

Gonzalez, A., & Mosquera, D. (2009). Tratamiento del abuso sexual con emdr. Revista De Psicoterapia, 20(80), 61–71. https://doi.org/10.33898/rdp.v20i80.839