Un modelo integrador de proceso para la psicopatología y la psicoterapia


  • Arthur C. Bohart California State University Dominguez Hills



Palabras clave:

terapias, teorias, feedback, cambio terapéutico, rasgos de personalidad


Vivir satisfactoriamente implica ser capaz de responder eficazmente al flujo continuo de nueva información generada por las interacciones con situaciones específicas. Los planes generalizados, esquemas y constructos han de revisarse continuamente para acomodarlos a las variaciones y cambios constantes que constituyen el flujo de la vida cotidiana. La capacidad para responder de forma productiva y orientada al domino al feedback que indica que uno se encuentra ante un problema o bloqueo es de especial importancia. Las diferentes terapias son teorías sobre cómo los individuos no consiguen enfrentarse productivamente a dicho feedback problemático. También aportan modelos de procesamiento productivo de dicho feedback. La patología es más una cuestión de incapacidad de aprender del feedback que de distorsiones o conductas disfuncionales per se. La relación de uno consigo mismo es crucial de cara al funcionamiento efectivo. Aprender a mantener una relación productiva con uno mismo ante los problemas es la meta de la psicoterapia. El cambio terapéutico no siempre ha de ser de segundo orden. Un cambio productivo de primer orden consiste en sacar provecho del potencial implícito en los esquemas nucleares o rasgos de personalidad y hacerlos evolucionar de forma funcional.


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Cómo citar

Bohart, A. C. (1992). Un modelo integrador de proceso para la psicopatología y la psicoterapia. Revista De Psicoterapia, 3(9), 49–74. https://doi.org/10.33898/rdp.v3i9.987



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