Online Child Pornography: A Cultural Focus Literature Review




online, child pornography, culture, internet, Hofstede’s cultural dimensions


This research was supported by a grant from Justice and Home Affairs Division of the European Commission. Special thanks to Laurence Alison (University of Liverpool) and Matthew Long (Technical leader of Fighting International Internet Paedophilia Project


Due to the Internet expansion around the world, child pornography is internationally considered as a crime, but we are uncertain of whether culture has some impact on it. The objective of the present review was to explore cultural aspects included in literature as key variables to analyse this type of crimes, using Hofstede’s cultural dimensions (2010) as theoretical framework. A total of 125 papers on pornography (period: 2003-2016) were found in Web of Science®; but only 50 contain some implicit or explicit cultural references. The results showed few cultural variables considered for the scientific approach to child pornography, being the country of birth or race the mainly only ones considered. The major contribution of our research highlights the importance to incorporate the cultural dimension in the police task to assess the indicators that determine the risk factors in aggressors. In this sense, the present research contributes to hypothesize probable cultural differences when using tools as the Kent Internet Risk Assessment Tool (KIRAT) in the European context.


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How to Cite

Lovelle, M. I., Yepes-Baldó, M., Romeo, M., & Soria, M. Ángel. (2017). Online Child Pornography: A Cultural Focus Literature Review. Acción Psicológica, 14(2), 99–112.



Artículos del monográfico [Monograph´s articles]