Has Changed the Traditional Social Perception on Nurses? Attribution of Stereotypes and Gender Roles


  • Maria Aranda Universidad de Jaén
  • María Del Rosario Castillo-Mayén Universidad de Jaén
  • Beatriz Montes-Berges Universidad de Jaén




gender roles, gender stereotypes, nursing, social dominance orientation



Nursing has traditionally been regarded as a female profession. However, in recent years there has been an increase of men. Despite this change, patriarchy still has a profound influence on how general population, patients and even nursing students perceive this occupation. Taking this background into account, the present research aims to analyze gender stereotype and gender role assignment to male and female nurses. A quasi-experimental study was conducted on 121 participants from three groups: patients, non-patients and nursing students. Gender stereotypes and gender roles assignment were analyzing using two factors: level of social domination orientation, and the group membership. Results showed that the gender stereotypes assignment to male and female nurses displayed some similarities; therefore a less stereotypical perception was observed comparing with other recent research. Moreover, participants low in social dominance orientation indicated a preference to traditional gender roles. Considering the group we found a traditional assignment of gender stereotypes over female and male nurses, even among nursing students. In sum, despite the dynamism of the nurses’ social perception, still remains a gender bias that needs to be avoided. 


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Aranda, M., Castillo-Mayén, M. D. R., & Montes-Berges, B. (2015). Has Changed the Traditional Social Perception on Nurses? Attribution of Stereotypes and Gender Roles. Acción Psicológica, 12(1), 103–112. https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.12.1.14353



Artículos de temática libre [Selection of articles]