MBCT (Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy): Origen, Alcance y Eficacia

Autores/as

  • Estrella Fernández Universidad de Bangor. Reino Unido

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33898/rdp.v27i103.105

Palabras clave:

mindfulness, MBCT, terapia cognitiva, depresión

Resumen

El programa Mindfulness-Based cognitive therapy (MBCT) nace de la integración de Mindfulness y la Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual para la depresión. Inicialmente concebido para prevenir recaídas en pacientes con depresiones recurrentes, su ámbito de aplicación ha evolucionado para impartirse a un rango mucho más amplio de personas y entornos. El primer objetivo de este artículo es proporcionar una comprensión del contexto en que se desarrolla el programa –el modelo cognitivo de la depresión– y sus premisas teóricas de funcionamiento. El segundo objetivo es revisar su eficacia empírica y los mecanismos de acción y cambio. Finalmente, se exploran los distintos ámbitos de aplicación del programa en los que ha mostrado ser efectivo, más allá de los trastornos del estado de ánimo. La investigación muestra consistentemente cómo la intervención con MBCT mejora el bienestar en población clínica y un creciente número de estudios revelan los mismos efectos positivos en adultos sanos. En línea con las predicciones teóricas, los mecanismos que median el cambio tras una intervención con MBCT son los incrementos en habilidades de Mindfulness, en metaconsciencia y autocompasión y la reducción de preocupaciones y rumiaciones.

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Publicado

2016-03-01

Cómo citar

Fernández, E. (2016). MBCT (Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy): Origen, Alcance y Eficacia. Revista De Psicoterapia, 27(103), 71–88. https://doi.org/10.33898/rdp.v27i103.105