Predicción de la accidentabilidad en función de los comportamientos arriesgados y agresivos al volante: Diferencias según la edad y el género


  • David Herrero-Fernández
  • Mireia Oliva-Macías Universidad Europea del Atlántico
  • Pamela Parada-Fernández Universidad Europea del Atlántico


Palabras clave:

Conducción arriesgada, Conducción agresiva, Accidentabilidad, Encuesta de conducción


Abstract: Prediction of accident rate from risky and aggressive behavior behind the wheel: Differences by age and gender. Road accidents are one of the main causes of death in Spain. Risky and aggressive behavior behind the wheel are two of the most relevant predictive variables. This study had three aims: First, the psychometric adaptation of the Driving Survey (DS) in a Spanish sample; second, the analysis of the differences by age and gender in risky and aggressive driving, as well as in the self-perception of the driver and in the accident rate; and third, the analysis of the prediction of the accident rate based on the other variables. The results showed a factorial distribution, similar to the original version, with adequate values of both internal consistency and validity. Men scored higher than women in risky driving, while the youngest drivers scored higher in almost all variables. Finally, it was observed that both risky and aggressive behavior predicted accident rate significantly.

Keywords: Risky driving; aggressive driving; accident rate; driving survey.

Resumen: Los accidentes de tráfico constituyen una de las principales causas de muerte en España. Los comportamientos arriesgados y agresivos al volante se han perfilado como dos de las variables más relevantes. La presente investigación tuvo tres objetivos. Primero, la adaptación psicométrica del Driving Survey (DS) en una muestra española; segundo, el análisis de las diferencias por edad y género en comportamientos arriesgados y agresivos al volante, así como en la accidentabilidad; y tercero, el análisis de la predicción de la accidentabilidad en base a las anteriores variables. Los resultados mostraron una distribución factorial similar a la versión original, con unas propiedades psicométricas adecuadas en términos de consistencia interna y de validez. Los hombres puntuaron más alto en aspectos relacionados con conducción arriesgada, mientras que los más jóvenes puntuaron más alto en casi todos los indicadores evaluados. Finalmente, se encontró que tanto los comportamientos arriesgados como los agresivos predecían significativamente la accidentabilidad.

Palabras clave: Conducción arriesgada; conducción agresiva; accidentabilidad; encuesta de conducción.


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.


Backaitis, S. (2006). Driver's inattention and distraction in the causation of traffic accidents. Transport Means 2006, Proceedings (pp. 25-28).

Baron, R. A., & Richardson, D. R. (1994). Human aggression (2 ed.). New York: Plenum Press.

Batbold, N. (2017). Driver's attention and anxiety: Relation with traffic accidents. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 381, 282-282.

Berkowitz, L. (1993). Aggression and its causes, consequences and control. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Bollen, K. A. (1989). Structural equations with latent variables. New York: Wiley.

Bone, S. A., & Mowen, J. C. (2006). Identifying the traits of aggressive and distracted drivers: A hierarchical trait model approach. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 5(5), 454-464.

Brewer, A. M. (2000). Road rage: What, who, when, where and how?. Transport Review, 20(1), 49-64.

Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Chraif, M., Anitei, M., Burtaverde, V., & Mihaila, T. (2016). The link between personality, aggressive driving, and risky driving outcomes: Testing a theoretical model. Journal of Risk Research, 19(6), 780-797.

Deffenbacher, J. L., Deffenbacher, D. M., Lynch, R. S., & Richards, T. L. (2003). Anger, aggression and risky behavior: A comparison of high and low anger drivers. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41(6), 701-718.

Deffenbacher, J. L., Filetti, L. B., Richards, T. L., Lynch, R. S., & Oetting, E. R. (2003). Characteristics of two groups of angry drivers. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 50(2), 123-132.

Deffenbacher, J. L., Huff, M. E., Lynch, R. S., Oetting, E. R., & Salvatore, N. F. (2000). Characteristics and treatment of high-anger drivers. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47(1), 5-17.

Deffenbacher, J. L., Lynch, R. S., Filetti, L. B., Dahlen, E. R., & Oetting, E. R. (2003). Anger, aggression, risky behavior, and crash-related outcomes in three groups of drivers. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41(3), 333-349.

Deffenbacher, J. L., Lynch, R. S., Oetting, E. R., & Swaim, R. C. (2002). The Driving Anger Expression Inventory: A measure of how people express their anger on the road. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40(6), 717-737.

Deffenbacher, J. L., Lynch, R. S., Oetting, E. R., & Yingling, D. A. (2001). Driving anger: Correlates and a test of state-trait theory. Personality and Individual Differences, 31(8), 1321-1331.

DGT. (2017). Anuario Estadístico de Accidentes – 2017. Recuperado de:

Dula, C. S., & Geller, E. S. (2003). Risky, aggressive, or emotional driving: Addressing the need for consistent communication in research. Journal of Safety Research, 34(5), 559-566.

Elander, J., West, R., & French, D. (1993). Behavioral correlates of individual differences in road-traffic crash risk: An examination of methods and findings. Psychological Bulletin, 113(2), 279-294.

Evans, G. W., & Carrère, S. (1991). Traffic congestion, perceived control, and psychophysiological stress among urban bus drivers. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76(5), 658-663.

Hambleton, R. K. (1996). Adaptación de tests para su uso en diferentes idiomas y culturas: Fuentes de error, posibles soluciones y directrices prácticas. En J. Muñiz (Ed.), Psicometría (pp. 207-238). Madrid: Universitas.

Herrero-Fernández, D. (2011a). Adaptación psicométrica de la versión reducida del Driving Anger Scale en una muestra española. Diferencias por edad y sexo. Anales de Psicología, 27(2), 544-549.

Herrero-Fernández, D. (2011b). Psychometric adaptation of the Driving Anger Expression Inventory in a Spanish sample. Differences by age and gender. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 14, 324-329.

Herrero-Fernández, D. (2016). Psychophysiological, subjective and behavioral differences between high and low anger drivers in a simulation task. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behavior, 42, 365-375.

Herrero-Fernández, D. (2017). Procedimientos psicológicos a tener en cuenta en las inspecciones de seguridad vial. Carreteras, 211, 17-24.

Herrero-Fernández, D., & Fonseca-Baeza, S. (2017). Angry thoughts in Spanish drivers and their relationship with crash-related events. The mediation effects of aggressive and risky driving. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 106, 99-108.

Herrero-Fernández, D., Fonseca-Baeza, S., y Pla-Sancho, S. (2014). Estructura factorial del Driving Log (DL) en una muestra española [Factorial structure of the Driving Log (DL) in a Spanish sample]. Revista de Psicología, 32(1), 67-90.

Iliescu, D., & Sârbescu, P. (2013). The relationship of dangerous driving with traffic offenses: A study on an adapted measure of dangerous driving. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 51, 33-41.

Lajunen, T., & Summala, H. (2003). Can we trust self-reports of driving? Effects of impression management on driver behaviour questionnaire responses. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 6(2), 97-107.

Montoro, L., Useche, S., Alonso, F., & Cendales, B. (2018). Work Environment, Stress, and Driving Anger: A Structural Equation Model for Predicting Traffic Sanctions of Public Transport Drivers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(3), 497-508.

Oliva, F., Calleja, N., & Hernández, R. (2012). Scale of beliefs about anger in combat sports among Mexican Athletes. Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Fisica y del Deporte, 12(45), 110-121.

Qu, W., Ge, Y., Xiong, Y., Carciofo, R., Zhao, W., & Zhang, K. (2015). The relationship between mind wandering and dangerous driving behavior among Chinese drivers. Safety Science, 78, 41-48.

Reason, J. T., Manstead, A., Stradling, S., & Baxter, J. S. (1990). Errors and violations on the roads: A real distinction? Ergonomics, 33(10), 1315-1332.

Rhodes, N., & Pivik, K. (2011). Age and gender differences in risky driving: The roles of positive affect and risk perception. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 43(3), 923-931.

Schwebel, D. C., Ball, K. K., Severson, J., Barton, B. K., Rizzo, M., & Viamonte, S. M. (2007). Individual difference factors in risky driving among older adults. Journal of Safety Research, 38(5), 501-509.

Schwebel, D. C., Severson, J., Ball, K. K., & Rizzo, M. (2006). Individual difference factors in risky driving: The roles of anger/hostility, conscientiousness, and sensation-seeking. Accident Analysis y Prevention, 38(4), 801-810.

Smith, A. P. (2016). A UK survey of driving behaviour, fatigue, risk taking and road traffic accidents. BMJ Open, 6(8).

Sullman, M. J. M., Stephens, A. N., & Yong, M. (2014). Driving anger in Malaysia. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 71, 1-9.

Vanlaar, W., Simpson, H., Mayhew, D., & Robertson, R. (2008). Aggressive driving: A survey of attitudes, opinions and behaviors. Journal of Safety Research, 39(4), 375-381.

Zhang, T., & Chan, A. H. S. (2016). The association between driving anger and driving outcomes: A meta-analysis of evidence from the past twenty years. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 90, 50-62.

Zhang, T. R., Chan, A. H. S., Xue, H. J., Zhang, X. Y., & Tao, D. (2019). Driving anger, aberrant driving behaviors, and road crash risk: Testing of a mediated model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(3), 297-309.




Cómo citar

Herrero-Fernández, D., Oliva-Macías, M., & Parada-Fernández, P. (2019). Predicción de la accidentabilidad en función de los comportamientos arriesgados y agresivos al volante: Diferencias según la edad y el género. Revista De Psicopatología Y Psicología Clínica, 24(2), 93–104.



Artículos de investigación originales