Falta de habilidades, conocimiento y competencias en la Educación Superior sobre la Industria 4.0 en el sector manufacturero

Autores/as

  • José Luis Romero Gázquez Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena (UPCT)
  • María Victoria Bueno Delgado Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena (UPCT) http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0613-5411
  • Juan José Ortega Gras Centro Tecnológico del Mueble y la Madera de la Región de Murcia (CETEM)
  • Josefina Garrido Lova Centro Tecnológico del Mueble y la Madera de la Región de Murcia (CETEM)
  • María Victoria Gómez Gómez Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
  • Marcin Zbiec The Warsaw University of Life Sciences (WULS)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5944/ried.24.1.27548

Palabras clave:

industria 4.0, KETs, empresa 4.0, HE, VET, manufactura, enseñanza, curriculum, cualificación, habilidades, competencias, mercado laboral, conocimiento, empleo

Resumen

En este trabajo, los autores presentan el análisis llevado a cabo para evaluar la falta, las necesidades y las competencias y habilidades requeridas sobre las tecnologías habilitadoras clave (KETs) de la Industria 4.0 (I4.0), tanto en la educación superior como en la industria del mueble, la madera y la manufacturación en Europa. El análisis también evalúa el nivel de implementación de las últimas tendencias tecnológicas en este mismo sector. El análisis se realizó en el marco del proyecto europeo MAKING 4.0, donde un completo set de encuestas se lanzaron a agentes directamente involucrados en el sector del mueble y la madera para conocer, de primera mano, cuáles son sus impresiones acerca del conocimiento actual y el demandado por la I4.0, obteniendo resultados donde se demuestra el bajo nivel de competencias y cualificación en este sector industrial, tanto a nivel educativo como en la industria, además de la falta y necesidad de adaptación de la oferta formativa actual sobre la I4.0 y sus KETs. Se concluye que existe una disparidad evidente entre las competencias actuales de los trabajadores y aquellas que adquieren los estudiantes de ciclos formativos (VET) y educación superior (HE) con respecto a lo demandado por la I4.0, debiéndose cubrir y solventar en los próximos años a través de nuevas iniciativas de formación, capacitación y adquisición de competencias necesarias, como por ejemplo, el proyecto MAKING4.0.

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Biografía del autor/a

José Luis Romero Gázquez, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena (UPCT)

José Luis Romero Gázquez received the bachelor’s degree in Telematic Engineering in 2015 from the Technical University of Cartagena (UPCT, Spain). In 2017 he received his Master of Science in Telecommunications Engineering from the same University. Since 2017, he works as researcher and Ph.D. Student in GIRTEL group of UPCT. His research interest includes the Internet of Things (IoT), network optimization and the Industry 4.0, its digital transformation, and its adoption in education.

María Victoria Bueno Delgado, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena (UPCT)

María Victoria Bueno Delgado is Associate Professor in Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena (Spain). She received BSc. in Telematics Engineering (2002), MSc. in Telecommunications Engineering (2004) and European Ph.D in Telecommunications (2010) from the same University. She has participated or led more than 20 Spanish and European projects, and a dozen projects with companies. Her research interests include network optimization, wireless technologies, Industry 4.0, digital transformation, new technologies for education.

Juan José Ortega Gras, Centro Tecnológico del Mueble y la Madera de la Región de Murcia (CETEM)

Juan José Ortega Gras has bachelor’s degree in environmental science and Master in Integrated Management: Quality, Environment and Occupational Safety and Health, with extensive knowledge in the areas of sustainability and circular economy in the industry. He currently works in the International Projects Department at CETEM, where he has participated in several European projects (H2020, FP7, Erasmus+, etc.) related to digitalization and sustainability in the furniture and wood industry.

Josefina Garrido Lova, Centro Tecnológico del Mueble y la Madera de la Región de Murcia (CETEM)

Josefina Garrido Lova has PhD in Communication and Documentation, is head of the Area of R+D(+i) at CETEM as well as senior advisor in project management. She has experience leading and supporting work teams, coordination of projects, exploitation activities, and in tasks related with planning, execution and dissemination plan in projects. She also works on topics with Erasmus+ such as: EQF frame, ECVET system in relation to mobility, recognition of Informal and non-formal learning, etc.

María Victoria Gómez Gómez, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)

María Victoria Gómez Gómez studied Building Engineer at the Technical University of Cartagena (UPCT, Spain). After her studies, she obtained the Certificate of Pedagogical Aptitude (CAP) at the University of Murcia (Spain). Over several years she acquired further knowledge in the areas of product design, product development and CAD programs, and studied a vocational training in Design and Furnishing. Since 2016, she works at the BLM department as part of the European funding program Erasmus+.

Marcin Zbiec, The Warsaw University of Life Sciences (WULS)

Marcin Zbiec is Head of Division of Construction and Technology of Final Wood Products of Faculty of Wood Technology, Expert on woodworking of Association of Foresters and Wood Technologists. PhD obtained in 2004 on the topic of “Tool wear diagnosing in milling of wood-based materials” Lecturer on Production Facilities, Exploitation of Woodworking Machinery and Computer Aided Design. In 2015 awarded in “Top 500 innovators” program (amongst the top five hundred innovators of Poland).

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Publicado

2021-01-02

Cómo citar

Romero Gázquez, J. L., Bueno Delgado, M. V., Ortega Gras, J. J., Garrido Lova, J., Gómez Gómez, M. V., & Zbiec, M. (2021). Falta de habilidades, conocimiento y competencias en la Educación Superior sobre la Industria 4.0 en el sector manufacturero. RIED. Revista Iberoamericana De Educación a Distancia, 24(1), 285–313. https://doi.org/10.5944/ried.24.1.27548