Learning about Careers: Open data and Labour Market Intelligence/Aprendizaje sobre carreras: datos abiertos e inteligencia del mercado laboral

Graham Attwell, Deirdre Hughes


Las decisiones sobre el aprendizaje y el trabajo deben ubicarse en un contexto particular espacial, de mercado laboral: los individuos toman decisiones dentro de "estructuras de oportunidad" particulares y sus decisiones y aspiraciones se enmarcan dentro de su comprensión de tales estructuras. Este artículo examina formas en las que se puede aplicar el aprendizaje sobre carreras con datos abiertos e inteligencia del mercado laboral. Un estudio de caso ilustrativo del proyecto LMI for All en el Reino Unido muestra la viabilidad técnica del diseño y desarrollo de dichos sistemas y un modelo para su difusión e impacto. La tendencia hacia los datos abiertos y las aplicaciones cada vez más poderosas para procesar y consultar datos han cobrado impulso. Esto, combinado con la necesidad de información sobre el mercado laboral para la toma de decisiones en mercados laborales cada vez más inestables, ha llevado al desarrollo y pilotaje de nuevos sistemas de información del mercado laboral (LMI), que involucran a múltiples grupos de usuarios. Existen desafíos universales debido al uso cada vez mayor de LMI, especialmente en la asignación de empleos y el uso en rápida expansión de datos abiertos en diferentes entornos de educación y empleo. Destacamos seis temas emergentes que deben abordarse para que los datos abiertos y la inteligencia del mercado laboral puedan aplicarse de manera efectiva en diferentes contextos y entornos. Concluimos reflexionando sobre la urgente necesidad de ampliar el cuerpo de investigación y desarrollar nuevos métodos de co-construcción en asociaciones de colaboración innovadoras.

Palabras clave

carreras, tecnología educativa, trabajo, datos abiertos, LMI, mercado laboral

Texto completo:

PDF (English)


Attwell, G. (2017). Developing an Integrated Labour Market Information System in Chile, unpublished Consultancy Report, December 2017

Bimrose, J. (undated). Traditional theories, recent developments and critiques, Coventry: University of Warwick, Institute for Employment Research (IER) Available from: https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/ier/ngrf/effectiveguidance/improvingpractice/theory/traditional/

Bimrose, J. (2016). Constructivism in online career counselling. In McMahon, M. Career Counselling: Constructivist Approaches, pp. 210-221.

Bimrose, J., S. A. Barnes & G. Attwell (2010). An Investigation into the Skills Needed by Connexions Personal Advisers to Develop Internet-Based Guidance, Reading: CfBT Education Trust and Warwick University, Institute for Employment Research.

Bimrose, J., Hughes, D. & Barnes, S-A. (2011). Integrating new technologies into careers practice: Extending the knowledge base. London: UK Commission for Employment and Skills.

Bullock-Yowell, E., Katz, S.P., Reardon, R.C., & Peterson, G.W. (2012). The Role of Negative Career Thinking and Career Problem Solving Efficacy in Career Exploratory Behaviour, Professional Counselor, 2 (2) pp.102-114.

CEDEFOP (2016a). Labour market information and guidance, Cedefop Research Paper, No 55, Publications Office, Luxemboug, Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.2801/72440 [Accessed 4th July 2018]

CEDEFOP (2016b). Improving career prospects for the low-educated: the role of guidance and lifelong learning, Cedefop Research Paper, No. 54, Luxembourg: Publications Office.

Chernyshev, I. & Standing, G. (1997). Statistics for Emerging Labor markets In Transition Economies: A Technical Guide on Sources, Methods, Classifications and Policies (ILO Studies Series).

Cardoso, P., & Marques, J.F. (2008). Perception of career barriers: The importance of gender and ethnic variables. International Journal of Educational/Vocational Guidance, 8, pp.49-61.

Department for Education (2018) Labour market information (LMI) for all: Stakeholder Engagement and Usage, Data and Technical Developments, Research report, London: Department for Education. Available from: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/714565/Labour_market_information_for_all.pdf [Accessed 4th July 2018]

EmployID (2017). The Changing World of Work Massive Open Online Course. Available from: https://mooc.employid.eu/the-changing-world-of-work/labour-market-information-lmi/ [Accessed 20th October 2017]

EmployID (2018). EmployID Year 4 Online Book. Available from: https://employid.eu/sites/default/files/y4book.pdf, [Accessed 3 March 2018]

ESCO (2018) Competence-based Job Matching, Brussels: European Commission, European Skills/Competences, qualifications and Occupations. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/esco/portal/escopedia/Competence-based_job_matching [Accessed on 6th May 2018]

European Commission (2017). Development of Skills, Education and Training, Brussels. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/education/policy/strategic-framework/skills-development_en [Accessed on 6th May 2018]

Forster K (2017). NHS faces 'unprecedented workforce crisis' as vacancies rise 10% in last year, The Independent, 25 July 2017. Available from: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/health/nhs-staff-vacancies-rise-10-per-cent-2017-86000-nurses-midwives-doctors-recruitment-crisis-brexit-a7858961.html [Accessed 3 July 2018]

Ferrari, L., Nota, L., & Salvatore, S. (2012). Evaluation of an Intervention to Foster Time Perspective and Career Decidedness in a Group of Italian Adolescents, Career Development Quarterly. March 2012, Vol. 60 Issue 1, pp.82- 96

Gati, I., Gadassi, R. & Mashiah-Cohen, R. (2012). Career decision-making profiles vs. styles: Convergent and incremental validity, Journal of Vocational Behavior 81(1): pp. 2–16, DOI: 10.1016/j.jvb.2012.03.004

Goss, S. & Hooley, T. (2015). Symposium on online practice in counselling and guidance (Editorial). British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 43 (1), pp.1–7.

Grubb, W. N. (2002). Who am I: The inadequacy of career information in the information age. Paris: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Harren, V. A. (1979). A model of career decision-making for college students, Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 14 (2), pp.119-133

HM Government (2017). Industrial Strategy: Building a Britain Fit for the Future, London. Available from: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/664563/industrial-strategy-white-paper-web-ready-version.pdf [Accessed 3 July 2018]

Hughes, D., Adriaanse, K., & Barnes, S-A. (2016). Adult Education: Too Important to be Left to Chance – International Literature Review, Coventry: University of Warwick, Institute for Employment Research, October 2016

Janeiro, J. N., & Marques, J. F. (2010). Career coping styles: Differences in career attitudes among secondary school students. International Journal of Educational and Vocational Guidance,10, pp. 35-48. doi:10.1007/sl0775-009-9170-3 17.

Kettunen, J., Sampson, J. P., & Vuorinen, R. (2015). Career practitioners' conceptions of competency for social media in career services. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 43(1), pp. 43-56.

Kettunen, J., & Sampson, J. P. (2018). Challenges in implementing ICT in career services: perspectives from career development experts. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, pp.1-18.

LMI for All (2012). Key Findings from the careers LMI feasibility study, Coventry: University of Warwick, Institute for Employment Research (IER). Available from: http://www.lmiforall.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/2012_LMI_for_All_summary.pdf [Accessed 3 July 2018]

LMI for All (2015). UK Commission for Employment and Skills LMI for All: Developing a Careers LMI Database: Final Report, July 2015, Coventry: University of Warwick, Institute for Employment Research (IER). Available from:

http://www.lmiforall.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/2012-15_LMI_for_All_Final_report_v020715.pdf [Accessed 3 July 2018]

LMI for All (2016) LMI For All: Technical, Stakeholder Engagement and Data Development Services Final Report 2015-16, Coventry: University of Warwick, Institute for Employment Research (IER). Available from: http://www.lmiforall.org.uk/about-lmi-for-all/ [Accessed 3 July 2018]

LMI Institute, (undated) Defining Labor Market Information (LMI) and LMI Customers, Arlington, VA, Available from: http://www.lmiontheweb.org/WhatWeDo/Publications/downloads/2014-06-27_-_Defining_Labor_Market_Information.pdf [Accessed 12th August, 2017]

London Councils (2018). Skills Gap in London, London: London Councils. Available from: https://www.londoncouncils.gov.uk/our-key-themes/economic-development/adult-skills-0/bridging-skills-gap/skills-gap-london [Accessed 3rd July 2018]

Mangozho, N, (2003). Current Practices in Labor Market Information Systems Development for Human Resources Development Planning in Developed, Developing and Transition Economies. Skills Working Paper No. 13, ILO, Geneva

Manyika, J., Chui, M., Miremadi, M., Bughin, J., George, K., Willmott, P., & Dewhurst M. (2017). Harnessing automation for a future that works. Available from: https://www.mckinsey.com/global-themes/digital-disruption/harnessing-automation-for-a-future-that-works [Accessed 3rd July 2018]

Martin, I. (2011). Labour Market Information Systems and Labour Migration Information in Six Developing Countries: The challenge of integration, International Organization for Migration, Brussels.

Mitchell, L. K., & Krumboltz, J. D. (1996). Krumboltz’s learning theory of career choice and counseling. In D. Brown, L. Brooks, & Associates, Career choice and development (3rd ed., pp. 233–280). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Nota, L., Santilli, S., & Soresi, S. (2016). A life‐design‐based online career intervention for early adolescents: Description and initial analysis. The Career Development Quarterly, 64(1), pp. 4-19.

Olhede, S. & Rodrigues, R. (2017). Fairness and transparency in the age of the algorithm, London: Royal Statistical Society. Available from: https://rss.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1740-9713.2017.01012.x [Accessed 4th July 2018]

Osipow, S.H. & Fitzgerald, L.F. (1996). Theories of Career Development (4th Edn), Needham Heights, Massachusetts, Allyn & Bacon.

OECD (2018). Working It Out: Career Guidance and Employer Engagement, Paris: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, July 2018, p.21.

PES Network (2017). Annual Report of the European Network of Public Employment Service January – December 2018, Luxembourg: European Commission

Roberts, K. (2015). Implications for careers policy In Bimrose, J., McMahon, M, & Watson, M. Women’s Career Development Throughout the Lifespan: An international exploration, London: Routledge

Sampson, J. P., Jr., Lenz, J. G., Reardon, R. C., & Peterson, G. W. (1999). A cognitive information processing approach to employment problem solving and decision making. The Career Development Quarterly, 48 (1), pp. 3-18.

Thuy, P. Hansen, E. & Price. D. (2001). The Public Employment Service in a Changing Labour Market. Geneva: International Labour Office.

van Tuijl, C., & Walma van der Molen, J. H. (2015). Study choice and career development in STEM fields: an overview and integration of the research. International journal of technology and design education, 26(2), 159-183. DOI: 10.1007/s10798-015-9308-1

Woods, J. F., & O'Leary, C.J. (2006). Conceptual Framework for an Optimal Labour Market Information System: Final Report, Upjohn Institute Technical Report No. 07-022. Kalamazoo, Michigan: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/ried.22.1.22289

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.

RIED. Revista Iboeroamericana de Educación a Distancia
(La Revista Iberoamericana de la Educación Digital)
Director/Editor: Lorenzo García Aretio
UNED, Facultad de Educación
C/ Juan del Rosal, 14
28040 Madrid (Spain).
E-ISSN: 1390-3306
Depósito Legal: M- 36.279 -1997
Edita: Asociación Iberoamericana de Educación Superior a Distancia (AIESAD

Reconocimiento NoComercial (by-nc): Se permite la generación de obras derivadas siempre que no se haga un uso comercial. Tampoco se puede utilizar la obra original con finalidades comerciales.

https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-wtzwURZeg6I/V_y8vM5DmdI/AAAAAAABKKQ/y_fW6U2dW3cOLG6z-tUwJ9u1Pwt9ltXHACLcB/s320/blogger_b_logo.jpg https://4.bp.blogspot.com/-Q3lAzaCezXA/V_TZ0BTuIkI/AAAAAAABKF4/wP8QRQVCPiQnk0sE7nEDnZHY5F03AOjbgCLcB/s200/twitrer_120%2B%25281%2529.jpg https://4.bp.blogspot.com/-4So1RLxqN7Q/VHMWABdXX9I/AAAAAAAAb4E/mV00Ac5Gm-Q/s1600/fb_icon_325x325.png https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-S7ecZmnt3os/Vzmf77J7EfI/AAAAAAABEYc/g3MJ_0z_noUtAiLS7MRRHXgzOkGbZbfUACLcB/s200/scholar_logo_lg_2011.gif

Colaboran/consorcian con RIED:

https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-VKcDNIR3Sqk/V_aPanb6P0I/AAAAAAABKIA/XSdUeendX2wJ_afKOCIIkxkZjW0ZnT0vACLcB/s320/logoCUED.jpg       https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-wxw5W-VCRGA/WAnp69yeyuI/AAAAAAABKgo/LHi490KturcyZQE7KnlK2ZT9taWEUXkgQCLcB/s320/logo-AM2.01.png    Alteridad