La inclusión social y laboral de las personas con discapacidad intelectual mediante los programas de empleo con apoyo. Un reto para la Orientación

Inmaculada Egido Gálvez, Rosario Cerrillo Martiín, Asunción Camina Durantes

Resumen


RESUMEN

El empleo con apoyo constituye actualmente una de las estrategias más prometedoras para la inserción laboral de las personas con discapacidad. Este artículo sintetiza un proyecto de investigación en el que se ha implementado y evaluado un Programa de formación para la inserción laboral de jóvenes con discapacidad intelectual desarrollado en el ámbito universitario. Se describen los principales rasgos del Programa y se presentan sus resultados más relevantes. A lo largo del texto, se pone de manifiesto cómo un núcleo esencial del éxito de este tipo de experiencias es la realización de un trabajo sistemático de orientación personal y profesional en todas las fases del proceso.

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, supported employment is one of the most promising strategies in order to achieve the labour inclusion of people with disabilities. This article summarises a research project that includes the implementation and evaluation of a Training Program which is aimed at the job placement of young people with intellectual disability developed in a university context. The text describes the main characteristics of the Program, that it is dedicated to prepare 16 intellectually disabled young to occupy labour positions as secretary’s office and office boy. Due to the fact that the training is done in a uni‐ versity environment, the program allows the students to use the premises and the university services to do both the curricular activities and the leisure activities. The main content of the article shows the most relevant achievements of the experience. The results were collected through a systematic evalua‐ tion process based in questionnaires applied to the young participants in the Program, to their families and to teachers, in interviews answered by the university students that collaborate in the Program and in the analysis of the diaries of experiences of the disabled young participating in the Program. Besides the increase of their labour expectations and the improvement of their self-esteem as a consequence of their participation in the program, it can be showed how the development of the Program inside of the university gives additional advantages to the students and also to the university community. It is important to highlight that along the text it is expressed that the delivery of personal and career guidance in every stage of the process is one of the keys to the success of this kind of experiences.


Palabras clave


discapacidad intelectual; orientación profesional; orientación personal; formación laboral; inclusión; intellectual disability; professional guidance; personal guidance; vocational training; inclusion.

Texto completo:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/reop.vol.20.num.2.2009.11446

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.




--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Revista Española de Orientación y Psicopedagogía
Calle Juan del Rosal, 14, 2º planta, despacho 257
28040 - MADRID
email: feop.reop@edu.uned.es

© AEOP - 1990 a 2005
© FEOP - 2006 a 2012
© AEOP - desde 2012
ISSN: 1989-7448 (versión electrónica)
ISSN: 1139-7853 (versión impresa) (hasta 2010)
COD. UNESCO: 580