Smartphones: reading habits and overuse. A qualitative study in Denmark, Lithuania and Spain

Autores/as

  • Valeria Levratto Universidad Rey Juan Carlos
  • Andrius Suminas Vilnius University, Universiteto 3, LT 01513 Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Theresa Schilhab Danish School of Education, Aarhus University
  • Gertrud Esbensen Danish School of Education, Aarhus University, Campus Copenhagen,Tuborgvej 164, Dk-2400 Denmark.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5944/educxx1.28321

Palabras clave:

Reading, smartphones, mobile technology, digital literacy, hypertext

Resumen

Recently, the smartphone has become the key device in families and
workplaces, changing people’s habits and ways of interaction in our liquid
and hyperconnected societies. Little research has been done on the use
of smartphones for reading, since the telephone was not associated with
reading until very recently. This paper presents an overview of digital mobile
reading in the digital literacy context and tries to answer different research
questions, such as: how do people read on the smartphone? Do people have
an addiction to/misuse of mobiles? Its objective is to offer empirical data
about people’s experiences of digital mobile reading and to analyse how we
depend on our smartphone through a small-scale qualitative study including
different informants from three European capital cities: Copenhagen
(Denmark), Madrid (Spain) and Vilnius (Lithuania).
The paper does not aim to generalise its findings, but to advance the field of digital literacy research, a field in which the meaning (the interviews) has been interpreted in relation to a wider socio-cultural context.
The results report that the “context”, the “time” and the “situation” where
reading is carried out are decisive for understanding; furthermore, the type
of navigation that readers can perform on the smartphone has important
consequences in the reading process, hence, the layout must be well designed
for active and attentive users on mobile devices. Our Informants assert that
situations like boredom, waiting or loneliness can induce the use of the
smartphone. Therefore, more research is needed, in different areas and with
new digital literacy programmes in order to help young people (and adults)
use their mobiles as advantageously as possible.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Biografía del autor/a

Valeria Levratto, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos

PhD, Lecturer in Communication, Faculty of Communication, Rey Juan Carlos University,

Andrius Suminas, Vilnius University, Universiteto 3, LT 01513 Vilnius, Lithuania

PhD, associate profesor, Faculty of Communication, Vilnius University

Theresa Schilhab, Danish School of Education, Aarhus University

Dr.pæd. PhD, Associate professor, Danish School of Education, Aarhus University, Campus Copenhagen,Tuborgvej 164 Dk-2400 Denmark.

Gertrud Esbensen, Danish School of Education, Aarhus University, Campus Copenhagen,Tuborgvej 164, Dk-2400 Denmark.

PhD, Postdoc, Danish School of Education, Aarhus University, Campus Copenhagen,Tuborgvej 164, Dk-2400 Denmark.

Citas

Afflerbach, P., & Cho, B. (2009). Determining and describing reading strategies: Internet and traditional forms of reading. In H.S. Waters & W. Schneider, Metacognition, strategy use, and instruction (pp. 201-225). Guilford Press.

Balling, G., Begnum, A., C Kuzmičová, A., & Schilhab, T. (2019). The young read in new places, the older read on new devices: A survey of digital reading practices among librarians and Information Science students in Denmark. Participations, Journal of Audience & Reception Studies, 16(1), 197-236.

Bauman, Z. (2012). On education. Polity.

Brinkmann, S. (2013). Qualitative interviewing. Oxford University Press.

Carr, N. (2018). The shallows: What the Internet is doing to our brains. W.W. Norton &Company.

Canclini, G. N. (1990). Hybrid cultures. Strategies for entering and leaving modernity. Grijalbo.

Castells, M. (2004). La sociedad red: una visión global. Alianza.

Cavallo, G., & Chartier, R. (2011). History reading of the occidental world. Taurus.

Chakraborty, M. D. (2017). Facebook Addiction: An Emerging Problem. The American journal of Psychiatry, 11(12), 7-9.

Cho, B.Y. (2014). Competent adolescent readers’ use of Internet reading strategies: A think-aloud study. Cognition and Instruction, 32, 252-289.

Delgado, P., Vargasb, C., Ackermans, R., & Salmerón, L. (2018). Don’t throw away your printed books: A meta-analysis on the effects of reading media on reading comprehension. Educational Research Review, 25, 23-38 https://doi.org/10.1016/j. edurev.2018.09.003

Ditrendia (2019). Informe Mobile en España y en Mundo 2019. https://cutt. ly/JzbfwAG

Downes, S. (2010). New technology supporting informal learning. Journal of Emerging Technologies in Web Intelligence, 2(1), 27-33.

Hooper, V., & Zhou, Y. (2007). Addictive, dependent, compulsive? A study of mobile phone usage. BLED 2007 Proceedings, 38. https://cutt.ly/0fJHXpZ

Ito, M. (2005). Mobile phones, Japanese youth, and the re-placement of social contact. In R. Ling & P. Pedersen (Eds.), Mobile communications: Re- negotiation of the social sphere (pp. 131-148). Springer.

Jeong, S. H., Kim. H., Yum, J. Y., & Hwang, Y. (2016). What type of content are smartphone users addicted to? SNS vs. games. Computers in Human Behavior, 54, 10-17. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.07.035

Lauterman, T., & Ackerman, R. (2014). Overcoming screen inferiority in learning and calibration. Computers in Human Behavior, 35, 455-463. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.02.046

Lee, A. (2018) Physical and digital reading habits of adult Singaporeans, Journal of Library Administration, 58(6), 629-643. https://doi.org/10.1080/01930826.2018.1491189

Leu, D.J., Forzani, E., Rhoads, C., Maykel, C., Kennedy, C., & Timbrell,

N. (2015). The new literacies of online research and comprehension:

Rethinking the reading achievement gap. Reading Research Quarterly, 50, 37-59. https://doi.org/10.1002/rrq.85

Mangen, A., & Schillhab, Y. (2012). An embodied view of reading: Theoretical considerations, empirical findings, and educational implications. In S, Matre & A. Skaftun (Eds.), Skriv! Les! Akademika forlag

Mangen, A., & Van Dick, A. (2016). The evolution of reading in the age of digitisation: an integrative framework for reading research. Literacy, 50(3), 116-124. https://doi.org/10.1111/ lit.12086

Markey, P. M., & Ferguson, C. J. (2017). Internet Gaming Addiction: Disorder or Moral Panic? The American Journal of Psychiatry, 173(3), 195-196. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2016.16121341

Mobile phones becoming a major addiction (2003). https://cutt.ly/ lfHf6Uf

Morozov, E. (2012). The disappointment of the Internet: The myths of freedom on the web. Imago Mundi.

Oulasvirta, A., Rattenbury, T., & Raita, E. (2012). Habits make smartphone use more pervasive. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, 16(1), 105– 114.

Panova, T., & Carbonell, X. (2018). Is smartphone addiction really an addiction? Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 7(2), 252-259. https://doi. org/10.1556/2006.7.2018.49

Schilhab, T., Balling, G., & Kuzmicova, A. (2018) Decreasing materiality from print to screen reading. First Monday, 23(10). https://doi.org/10.5210/ fm.v23i10.9435

Siemens, G. (2005). Connectivism: A learning theory for the digital age. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 2(1), 3-10. http://www.itdl.org/Journal/ Jan_05/article01.htm

Starcevic, V. (2013). Is Internet Addiction a Useful Concept? Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 47(1), 16–19.

Salmerón, L., Strømsø, H. I., Kammerer, Y., Stadtler, M., & Van den Broek, P. (2018). Comprehension processes in digital reading. In M. Barzillai J, Thomson S, Schroeder, & P. van den Broek (Eds.), Learning to read in a digital world (pp. 91-120). John Benjamin.

UNESCO (2018). A global framework of reference on digital literacy skills for Indicator 4.4.2. UNESCO. https://bit. ly/38ouiGA

Ward, A., Duke, K., Gneezy, A., & Bos, M. (2017). Brain drain: The mere presence of one’s own smartphone reduces available cognitive capacity. Journal of the Association for Consumer Research, 2(2), 140-154.

Wolf, M. (2008). Proust and the Squid: The story and Science of the reading brain. Harper Perennial.

Young, K. (1998). Internet addiction: the emergence of a new clinical disorder. Cyberpsychology & behavior, 1(3), 237-

Publicado

2021-05-13

Número

Sección

Estudios