Desarrollando la Inteligencia Emocional en Educación Superior: evaluación de la efectividad de un programa en tres países.

Raquel Gilar-Corbi, Teresa Pozo-Rico, Juan Luis Castejón-Costa

Resumen


Introducción: Este trabajo presenta los resultados obtenidos en el contexto de un proyecto, el Programa de Capacitación Avanzada en Competencia Emocional (ATPEC), para la mejora de las habilidades emocionales en estudiantes de Educación Superior. Desde la introducción del proceso de Bolonia, el objetivo de una educación completa no es sólo enseñar habilidades técnicas, sino también otras competencias, como el trabajo en equipo, habilidades de comunicación eficaces, gestión de proyectos y tiempo y la capacidad de coordinar nuestras emociones en pos de eso fin. La Inteligencia Emocional (IE) ha sido vinculada con frecuencia a mejoras en el desempeño profesional. De hecho, las competencias genéricas relacionadas con la IE han sido incluidas en los currículos universitarios. Metodología: En el presente trabajo se diseñó e implementó un Curso de Capacitación Avanzada de 30 horas sobre Inteligencia Emocional. La muestra estuvo formada por 651 estudiantes de Educación Superior, de 3 países, España (n=193), Moldavia (n=302) y Argentina (n=156). Resultados: Los resultados muestran una mejora significativa en todas las habilidades emocionales evaluadas, demostrando así la eficacia del programa de intervención propuesto independientemente de la cultura/país en el que se desarrolle y de la carrera que cursen los estudiantes. Conclusiones: De esta manera, la posibilidad de trabajar en grupos para resolver casos aplicados, la capacidad de aprender de forma autónoma o el uso de la plataforma e-learning, convierten este programa en algo novedoso y eficaz para la mejora de la competencia emocional. Se discuten las implicaciones de estos resultados para la incorporación de programas de mejora de la IE en la Educación Superior.

 


Palabras clave


inteligencia emocional; educación superior; desarrollo emocional; universidad; métodos formativos.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/educxx1.19880

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