La «presidencia imperial» y su evolución en la estructura constitucional de los Estados Unidos de América

David Mendieta, Felipe Calderón-Valencia

Resumen


Este artículo analiza el concepto de «presidencia imperial» en el derecho constitucional de los Estados Unidos de América desde una perspectiva histórico-institucional. Este análisis se plantea, primero, desde los fundamentos jus-filosóficos del constitucionalismo norteamericano y, segundo, desde el devenir del gobierno presidencial. La bipartición responde la pregunta sobre los límites, institucionales y reales tiene la Presidencia. Se observa que estos no son suficientes, pues las órdenes ejecutivas promueven el protagonismo del Presidente, permitiendo a aquel país transformarse en una gran potencia. Se concluye que la «presidencia imperial» se opone a la república moderada de los Padres Fundadores; la desestructuración de los límites al poder ejecutivo siempre se ajusta a los hechos y avatares del poder político.


Palabras clave


Presidencia imperial; Derecho Constitucional Estadounidense; órdenes ejecutivas; frenos y contrapesos.

Texto completo:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/rdp.104.2019.24315

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