Effect of temperament and upbringing in personality, aggressive behaviour, instability and prosocial behaviour

María Vicenta Mestre Escrivá, Ana María Tur, María Victoria del Barrio


The objective of this investigation is twofold. First, to study the relationship established between the structure of the teenager's personality andthe manifestation of adapted conducts, socially and emotionally (aggression, emotional instability and prosocial behaviour). Second, to analyze the importance of the environmental implicit factors in the upbringing, which are in direct opposition to the above mentioned structural factors of personality in the emission of aggressive, unstable and prosocial behaviour. The sample was constituted by 531 teenagers, boys and girls, between 12 and 16 years old, who were studying their Secondary Obligatory Education. The sample was gathered from al! the three provinces in the Valencian County. Besides, al! the school centres and students that participated in this research were picked randomly. The statistical analyses state that there is a close relationship between the structure of the personality -based upon the theory of Big Five- and aggressiqn, emotional instability and prosocial behavior. This highlights the presence of the structural dimension of personality and, especially, the factors of Friendship, Canscience and Instability in the case of aggressive, unstable and prosocial behaviours. As far as the atmosphere and environment that surrounds the pupils are concerned, the factors with higher ancestry were Satisfactian far upbringing and Discipline.


Personality; aggression; emotional instability; prosocial behaviour; upbringing

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.3.1.496


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