Self and heteroinform aggression: involved variables

Paula Samper García, G. Aparici, Vicenta Mestre

Abstract


The infantile and juvenile aggressiveness is considered to be a complex phenomenon, with multiple factors that contribute to different aggressive manifestations. For all this, this phenomenon has been an object of many investigations, which have the aim to understand the basic mechanisms that cause and regulate these behaviors (Eron y Huesmann, 1984; Caprara y Pastorelli, 1989, 1993, 1996; Bandura, Barbaranelli, Caprara, Pastorelli, y Regalia 2001; Caprara, Barbaranelli, Pastorelli, Bandura, y Zimbardo, 2001). This work tries to analyze the aggressive behavior and the implied processes. We have evaluated the emotional instability (IE, Caprara & Pastorelli, 1993; Del Barrio, Moreno & López, 2001), the physical and verbal aggressiveness (AFV, Caprara & Pastorelli, 1993; Del Barrio, et al., 2001), the anger like a state and trait (STAXI, Spielberger, 1988; Del Barrio, Spielberger & Moscoso, 1998), the emphaty (IECA, Bryant, 1982; Mestre, Pérez, Frías, & Samper, 1999): the prosocial reasoning (PROM, Carlo, Eisenberg & Knight, 1992; Mestre, Frías, Samper & Tur, 2002) and the child-rearing styles (CRPBI, Schaefer, 1965; Samper, Cortés, Mestre, Nácher & Tur, 2006), including the self and heteroinform behavior by the friends of college and the own tutor. The ANOVAS and the discriminating analyses show differences between the considered more or less stable subjects emotionally and aggressive. The main results indicate that the emotional instability and the anger are the variables with major power predictor of the aggressiveness in the teenagers, with a low capacity of self-control.


Keywords


Aggressiveness; Adolescents; Emotional instability; anger; self-control



DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.4.2.484

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