Effects of an Intervention Program Based on Job Crafting Behaviors on the Work Engagement of Teachers [Efectos de un programa de intervención basado en los comportamientos de rediseño del trabajo sobre el engagement laboral de profesores]

Domingos Isidorio Silva júnior, Maria Cristina Ferreira, Clarissa Pinto Freitas

Abstract


Resumen

Los estudios han puesto de relieve que es posible potenciar el engagement en el trabajo mediante intervenciones que buscan aumentar los recursos que el empleado posee y disminuir sus demandas laborales. El objetivo es evaluar la eficacia de un programa de intervención basado en los comportamientos de rediseño del trabajo en el engagement laboral de profesores. La muestra estaba integrada por 82 profesores brasileños de educación pública dividida en dos grupos. El grupo de intervención se realizó con 41 profesores de ambos sexos (81 % femenino) y el grupo de comparación también con 41 profesores de ambos sexos (79.1 % del sexo femenino). Al final de la intervención, las puntuaciones de los participantes del grupo de intervención, en las escalas de engagament en el trabajo y de comportamientos de rediseño, excedieron significativamente las puntuaciones del grupo de comparación. Los hallazgos encontrados recomiendan la implementación de programas de intervención basados en los comportamientos de rediseño que concienticen los docentes más de sus demandas y de sus recursos como forma de aumentar su engagament con el trabajo.

Abstract

Research has evidenced that interventions to increase em­ployees’ resources and decrease their work demands can enhance their work engagement. Objective assess the effi­cacy of an intervention program based on job crafting be­haviors on the job crafting behaviors and work engage­ment of teachers. The sample consisted of 82 public edu­cation teachers divided in two groups. The intervention group consisted of 41 male and female teachers (81 % fe­male), while the comparison group also consisted of 41 male and female teachers (79.1 % female). At the end of the intervention, the scores of the participants in the inter­vention group on the work engagement and job crafting behaviors scales were significantly higher than the scores in the comparison group. The findings recommend the im­plementation of intervention programs based on the job crafting behaviors, enhancing the teachers’ awareness of their demands and resources as a way to increase their work engagement.


Keywords


Programa de intervención; Compor¬tamientos de rediseño en el trabajo; Engagement en el trabajo; Modelo JD-R; Profesores [Intervention program; Job crafting behaviors; Work engagement; JD-R model; Teachers]

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.16.2.25669

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