Cambio Conceptual en los Grupos de Crecimiento Personal: Un estudio de caso [Conceptual Change in Personal Development Groups: A Case Study]

Mónica Rodríguez Zafra, Guillermo Gil Escudero, Juan Carlos Ceniceros Estévez, Antonia Martin Sánchez

Abstract


Resumen

Este estudio presenta el análisis de un caso como ejemplo de la utilización del Diferencial Semántico (DS) para la evaluación de los cambios de significado y de su estructura en casos individuales en contextos psicoterapéuticos. Este trabajo supone una ampliación del estudio previo (Gil Escudero y Rodríguez Zafra, 2012) en el que se presentaron los resultados sobre la eficacia de los Grupos de Crecimiento Personal (GCP) para contribuir al cambio del significado de algunos conceptos psicológicos centrales de los participantes en estos grupos. Estos cambios de significado se consideran como indicadores de los cambios emocionales, actitudinales y cognitivos, que se producen habitualmente como resultado de la participación en estas experiencias intensivas de grupo. El análisis conjunto de los datos del caso, indica que, tras la participación en la experiencia intensiva de grupo se valora en mayor medida el Yo y se considera como más benigno, sereno, con mayor bienestar subjetivo, más fuerte y dinámico, se percibe el Grupo como más positivo al considerarlo mejor y más valioso, más comunicativo y afectivo, más fuerte y dinámico, y más íntegro y auténtico; se valora más positivamente la Vida percibiéndose como más buena y valiosa, más auténtica y con mayor bienestar. No se encontraron cambios suficientemente significativos de los promedios del conjunto de participantes en los GCP en la valoración de la Madre y el Padre. En general, se produce una mejoría general del estado de ánimo que se refleja en el aumento global de los promedios de respuesta al conjunto del DS.

Abstract

 This study presents a case analysis as an exemplifica­tion of using the Semantic Differential (DS) for the as­sessment of the changes of meaning and its structure in individual cases in therapeutic contexts.This work entails an extension of the previous study (Gil Escudero y Ro­driguez Zafra, 2012) where results about the efficiency of Personal Development Groups (PGG) to the change of meaning of some main psychological concepts of partic­ipants in these groups were presented. These changes of meaning are considered as indicators of the emotional, attitudinal and cognitive changes that usually turn out as a result of the participation in such intensive group expe­riences. The joint analysis of the case data indicates that, after participation in the intensive group experience, the I is valued more and is considered as more benign, se­rene, with greater subjective well-being, stronger and more dynamic, the perception is perceived. Group as more positive when considering it better and more valu­able, more communicative and affective, stronger and more dynamic, and more complete and authentic; Life is valued more positively, perceiving itself as more good and valuable, more authentic and with greater well-be­ing. No sufficiently significant changes were found in the averages of the group of participants in the CPG in the evaluation of the Mother and the Father. In general, there is a general improvement in mood that is reflected in the overall increase in the average response to the DS as a whole.


Keywords


Grupos de Crecimiento Personal; Cambio Conceptual; Diferencial Semántico; Eficacia Terapéutica [Personal development groups; Meaning concepts; Semantic differential;Therapeutic efficacy]

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.16.2.25204

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