Padres autoritarios e ira en deportistas y practicantes de actividad física [Authoritarian Parents and Anger Levels in Athletes and Physical Practitioners]

Higinio González-García, Antonia Pelegrín, Luis Miguel Almagro

Abstract


Resumen

El objetivo de este trabajo de investigación fue conocer las diferencias en los niveles de ira en los deportistas y prac­ticantes de actividad física que presentan padres y madres con altos y bajos niveles de autoritarismo. La muestra se compuso de 502 deportistas y practicantes de actividad fí­sica españoles, con una edad comprendida entre los 18 y los 64 años (= 27.76, SD = 9.11). Se utilizó un cuestio­nario sociodemográfico ad hoc, el Test Autoevaluativo Multifactorial de Adaptación Infantil (TAMAI), el Inven­tario de Expresión de Ira Estado-Rasgo (STAXI-II) y la Escala Oviedo de Infrecuencia de Respuesta (INF-OV). Los resultados mostraron mayores niveles de ira rasgo (< .05), temperamento (< .01), expresión interna de ira (< .01) e índice de expresión de ira (< .05) en aquellos deportistas y practicantes de actividad física con madre au­toritaria alta. Por otro lado, los resultados mostraron ma­yores niveles de ira rasgo (< .01), temperamento (< .01), reacción de ira (< .01), expresión externa de ira (< .01), expresión interna de ira (< .01) e índice de expresión de ira (< .01), en los deportistas y practicantes de actividad física con padre autoritario alto. Se concluyó que los padres autoritarios y madres autoritarias influyen en los niveles de ira de los deportistas y practicantes de actividad física. Por otro lado, el padre con bajos niveles de autoritarismo mostró mayor relación con el control ex­terno de ira por parte de los deportistas y practicantes de actividad física.

Abstract

The objective of this research was to know the differences in anger levels in athletes and physical activity practition­ers with high and low levels of authoritarian fathers and mothers. The sample consisted of 502 Spanish athletes and physical practitioners with an age range between 18 and 64 years old (= 27.76, SD = 9.11). To measure the dif­ferent variables were used, an ad hoc sociodemographic questionnaire, the Multifactor Self-Assessment Test of Child Adjustment (TAMAI), the State-Trait Anger Ex­pression Inventory (STAXI-II) and the Oviedo Scale of In­frequency Response (INF-OV). The results showed greater anger levels (< .05), temperament (< .01), in­ternal anger expression (< .01), and anger expression in­dex (< .05) in the group of authoritarian mother athletes and physical practitioners. On the other hand, the results showed greater levels of trait anger (< .01), temperament (< .01), anger reaction (< .01), external anger expres­sion (< .01) and anger expression index (< .01), in ath­letes and physical practitioners with high authoritarian fa­ther group. Regression analysis showed that a greater ex­ternal anger expression is more likely to have a greater au­thoritarian father (OR = 1.12, < .01) and greater author­itarian mother (OR = 1.20, < .01). It was concluded that authoritarian fathers and authoritarian mothers influence the athlete´s anger levels. On the other hand, fathers with low authoritarian levels showed greater anger external control on athletes and physical practitioners.



Keywords


autoritarios; padres; ira; deportistas; educación [Authoritarians; Parents; Annoyance; Athletes; Education].

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.16.2.24331

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