Adaptación al español de la Escala de Resiliencia del Yo (Ego-Resilience Scale ER89-R) en una muestra de Entre Ríos, Argentina [Spanish Adaptation of the Ego Resilience Scale (Ego-Resilience Scale ER89-R) in a Sample of Entre Ríos, Argentina]

Carina Daniela Hess, Belén Mesurado

Abstract


Resumen

El objetivo principal de este trabajo consistió en evaluar las propiedades psicométricas de la adaptación a la lengua española de la Escala de Resiliencia del Yo Revisada (Ego- Resilience Scale – R) de Alessandri et al. (2007) y Vecchione et al. (2010) en población adolescente de Entre Ríos, Argentina de 11 a 17 años. Se analizó la validez de constructo, su invariancia en función del sexo y la edad y los niveles de fiabilidad. Se trabajó sobre una muestra no probabilística, intencional (N = 303). Los participantes eran estudiantes de nivel secundario, 95 varones (n = 95) y 208 mujeres (n = 208), radicados en la ciudad de Paraná, Entre Ríos. El instrumento sobre el cual se realizó la adaptación es un inventario breve, compuesto por 10 ítems y en su versión original se encuentra en inglés. La escala presenta dos dimensiones: Regulación Óptimay Apertura a la Experiencia de Vida. Los resultados del Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio permiten corroborar que la escala es multidimensional. Con respecto a la consistencia interna, el coeficiente de confiabilidad fue adecuado tanto para la puntuación total de la Escala como para las dos dimensiones analizadas separadamente. Se encontró que el modelo bifactorial se ajusta bien tanto a los varones como las mujeres, siendo invariante en cuanto al sexo y también en cuanto a la edad. Estos hallazgos son consistentes con lo propuesto por diversos autores. Así, es posible afirmar que las propiedades psicométricas de la adaptación al idioma español realizada en Entre Ríos, Argentina, de este instrumento son satisfactorios.

Abstract

The main objective of this work is to evaluate the psycho­metric properties of the adaptation to the Spanish language of the Revised Self Resilience Scale (Ego-Resilience Scale - R) of Alessandri et al. (2007) and Vecchione et al. (2010) in the adolescent population of Entre Ríos, Argen­tina from 11 to 17 years old. He analyzed the validity of the construct, its invariance according to sex and age and the levels of reliability. It is required on a non-probabilis­tic, intentional sample (N = 303). The students were sec­ondary level students, 95 men (n = 95) and 208 women (n = 208), based in the city of Paraná, Entre Ríos. The in­strument on which the adaptation was made is a short in­ventory, consisting of 10 items and in its original version is in English. The scale has two dimensions: Optimal Reg­ulation and Opening to the Experience of Life. The results of the Confirmatory Factor Analysis allow corroborating the scale is multidimensional. With respect to internal con­sistency, the reliability coefficient was adequate both for the total score of the Scale and for the two dimensions an­alyzed separately. They found that the bifactorial model fits both men and women well, being invariant in terms of sex and also in terms of age. These findings are consistent with what is proposed by various authors. Thus, it is pos­sible to affirm that the psychometric properties of the ad­aptation to the Spanish language carried out in Entre Ríos, Argentina, of this instrument are satisfactory


Keywords


adaptación; argentina; resiliencia del yo; adolescencia [Adaptation; Argentine; Ego-resilience; Adolescence]

References


Alessandri, G., Eisenberg, N., Vecchione, M., Caprara, G. V. y Milioni, M. (2016). Ego-resiliency Development from Late Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood: A ten Year Longitudinal Study. Journal of Adolescence, 50, 91–102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2016.05.004

Alessandri, G., Vecchio, G., Steca, P., Caprara, M.G. y Caprara, G.V. (2007). A Revised Version of Kremen and Block’s Ego- Resiliency Scale in an Italian Sample. Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology, 14, 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1037/t01609-000

Alessandri, G., Vecchione, M., Caprara, G. y Letzring, T.D. (2012). The Ego Resiliency scale revised: A Crosscultural Study in Italy, Spain, and the United States. Eur J Psychol Assess, 28, 139–146. https://doi.org/10.1027/ 1015-5759/a000102.

Block, J. (1961). The Q-sort Method in Personality Assessment and Psychiatric Research. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02139257

Block, J. H. y Block, J. (1980). The Role of Ego-Control and Egoresiliency in the Organization of Behavior. En W. A. Collins (ed.), Minnesota symposia on child psychology (vol. 13, pp. 39–101). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Block, J. H. y Kremen, A. M. (1996). IQ and Ego-resiliency: Conceptual and Empirical Connections and Separateness. Journalof Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 349–361. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.70.2.349

Block, J. y Block, J. H. (2006). Venturing a 30-year Longitudinal Study. American Psychologist, 61, 315–327. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066x.61.4.315

Block, J., Block, J. H. y Keyes, S. (1988). Longitudinally Foretelling Drug Usagein Adolescence: Early Childhood Personality and Environmental Precursors.Child Development, 59, 336–355. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.1988.tb01470.x

Caprara, M. G., Steca, P. y De Leo, G. (2003). La Misuradell’ego-resiliency [Ego-Resiliency measurement]. Ricerche diPsicologia, 26, 7–23.

Carmona Gallegos, R. (2019). Resiliencia: Aproximación histórica y conceptos relacionados [Resilience: Historical Approach and Related Concepts]. UARICHA, 16(37), 1–14.

Eisenberg, N., Spinrad, T. L., Fabes, R. A., Reiser, M., Cumberland, A., Shepard, S. A. y Thompson, M. (2004). The Relations of Effortful Control and Impulsivity to Children’s Resiliency and Adjustment. ChildDevelopment, 75, 25–46. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2004.00652.

Eisenberg, N., Valiente, C., Fabes, R. A., Smith, C. L., Reiser, M., Shepard, S. A. y Cumberland, A. J. (2003). The Relations of Effortful Control and Ego Control to Children’s Resiliency and Social Functioning. Developmental Psychology, 39, 761–776. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.39.4.761

Farkas, D. y Orosz, G. (2015). Ego-Resiliency Reloaded: A Three-Component Model of General Resiliency. PLoS ONE, 10(3), e0120883. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120883

Fletcher, F. y Sarkar, M. (2013). Psychological Resilience: A Review and Critique of Definitions, Concepts, and Theory. European Psychologist, 18(1), 12–23. https://doi.org/10.1027/1016- 9040/a000124

Fonzi, A. y Menesini, E. (2005). Strategie di coping e caratteristiche di resilienza in adolescenza [Coping strategies and resilience characteristics in adolescence]. Psicologia Clinica dello Sviluppo, 3, 437–456.

Funder, D. C. y Block, J. (1989). The Role of Ego-control, Ego-resiliency, and IQ in Delay of Gratification in Adolescence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 1041–1050. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.57.6.1041

Huey, S. J. y Weisz, J. R. (1997). Ego Control, Ego Resiliency, and the Five-Factor Model as Predictors of Behavioural and Emotional Problems in Clinic-Referred Children and Adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 3, 404–415. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-843x.106.3.404

Infante, F. y Lamond, A. (2006). Resiliencia y biculturalismo: la experiencia de los latinos en Estados Unidos [Resilience and Biculturalism: The Experience of Latinos in The United States]. En E. Grotberg, La resiliencia en el mundo de hoy. Cómo superar las adversidades (pp. 235–269). Barcelona, España: Gedisa.

Kaplan, H. B. (2002).Toward an Understanding of Resilience: A Critical Review of Definitions and Models. En M. D. Glantz y J. L. Johnson (eds.), Resilience and Development: Positive Life Adaptations (pp. 17–83). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

Kaplan, H. B. (2013). Reconceptualizing Resilience. En S. Goldstein y R. B. Brooks (Eds.), Handbook of Resilience in Children (pp. 39-55). New York: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3661-4_3

Klohnen, E. C. (1996). Conceptual Analysis and Measurement of the Construct of Ego-Resiliency. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 1067–1079. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.70.5.1067

Letzring, T. D., Block, J. y Funder, D.C. (2005). Ego-control and ego-resiliency: Generalization of self report scales based on personality descriptions from acquaintances, clinicians and the self. Journal of Research in Personality, 39, 395–422. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2004.06.003

Lewin, K. (1936). Principles of Topological Psychology. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Lewin, K. (1951). Field Theory in Social Science. New York: Harper.

Luthar, S. S. (2006). Resilience in Development: A Synthesis of Research Across ive Decades. En D. Cicchetti y D. Cohen (eds.), Developmental Psychopathology, vol 3: Risk, Disorder, and Adaptation (pp. 739–795). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley.

Luthar, S. S. y Cicchetti, D. (2000). The construct of resilience: Implications for interventions and social policies. Development and Psychopathology, 12(4), 857–885.

Masten, A. S. (1999). Resilience Comes of Age: Reflections on the Past and Outlook for the Next Generation of Research. En M. D. Glantz, J. Johnson y L. Huffman (Eds.), Resilience and Development: Positive Life Adaptations (pp. 282–296). New York: Plenum.

Masten, A. S. (2014). Ordinary Magic: Resilience in Development. New York: Guilford Press.

McNeish, D. (2017). Thanks Coefficient Alpha, we'll Take it from Here. Psychological Methods https://doi.org/10.1037/met0000144

Mischel, W., Shoda, Y. y Peake, P. K. (1988). The Nature of Adolescent Competencies Predicted by Preschool Delay of Gratification. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 687–696. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.54.4.687

Richardson, G. E. (2002). The Metatheory of Resilience and Resiliency. Journal of Clinical Psychoogyl, 58, 307–321. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.10020

Strayer, J. y Roberts, W. (1989). Children’s Empathy and Role Taking: Child and Parental Factors, and Relations to Prosocial Behavior. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 10, 227–239. https://doi.org/10.1016/0193-3973(89)90006-3

Tarter, R. E. y Vanyukov, M. (2002). Re-Visiting the Validity of the Construct of Resilience. En M. D. Glantz, J. Johnson y L. Huffman (Eds.), Resilience and development: positive life adaptations (pp. 85–100). New York: Plenum.

Taylor, Z. E., Eisenberg, N., Spinrad, T. L. y Widaman, K. F. (2013). Longitudinal Relations of Intrusive Parenting and Effortful Control to Ego-resiliency during Early Childhood. Child Development, 84(4), 1145–1451. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12054

Taylor, Z. E., Eisenberg, N., Spinrad, T. L., Eggum, N. D. y Sulik, M. J. (2013). The Relations of Ego-Resiliency and Emotion Socialization to the Development of Empathy and Prosocial Behavior across Early Childhood. Emotion, 13, 822–831. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0032894

Taylor, Z. E. y Jones, B. L. (2019). Cultural Contributors to Ego-Resiliency and Associations with Depressive Problems in Midwestern Latino Youth. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1111/jora.12481

Taylor, Z. E. y Ruiz, Y. (2019). Executive Function, Dispositional Resilience, and Cognitive Engagement in Latinx Children of Migrant Farmworkers. Children and Youth Services Review, 100, 57–63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2019.02.025

Vecchione, M., Alessandri, G., Barbaranelli, C. y Gerbino, M. (2010). Stability and Change of Ego Resiliency from Late Adolescence to Young Adulthood: A Multiperspective Study Using the ER89–R Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92(3), 212–221. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891003670166

Westenberg, P. M. y Block, J. (1993). Ego Development and Individual Differencesin Personality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65(4),792–800. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.65.4.792

Windle G, Bennett K.M. y Noyes J. (2011). A Methodological Review of Resilience Measurement Scales. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 9, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-9-8

Windle, M. (2002). Critical Conceptual and Measurement Issues in the Study of Resilience. En M. D. Glantz, J. Johnson y L. Huffman (eds.), Resilience and Development: Positive Life Adaptations (pp. 161–176). New York: Plenum.

Zubair, A., Kamal, A. y Artemeva, V. (2018). Mindfulness and Resilience as Predictors of Subjective Well-Being among University Students: A Cross Cultural Perspective. Journal of Behavioural Sciences, 28(2), 1–19.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.16.2.23945

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Faculty of Psychology. Applied Psychology Service (UNED)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Attribution-NonCommercial  (CC BY-NC)This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.

 

Accion Psicologica

Applied Psychology Service (SPA), Faculty of Psychology (UNED).

C/ Juan del Rosal nº 10 28040 Madrid.

email: accionpsicologica@psi.uned.es

eISSN: 2255-1271