Active Aging Model: Causes, Indicators, and Predictors in Chilean Elderly People

Francisca Fernández, Gabriela Nazar, Carlos María Alcover

Abstract


With the increase in the elderly population worldwide there is an increasing interest for understanding the factors involved in the successful or active aging. However, de­spite the use of the construct and studies on the issue, com­plexities persist in its operationalization and its predicting factors. In the present study, a model of active aging using a MIMIC model (Multiple Causes and Multiple Indica­tors) a variant of structural equations was used, in a sample of 204 Chilean elderly. Both physical and cognitive func­tionality, together with variables associated to affective tone appear as causes, whereas the absence of depressive symptoms and the active role in the labor market appear as indicators of active aging. The model showed a good fit, χ²(80) = 107.8, p = .34, CFI = .942, TLI = .942 y RMSEA = .0416, p = .74 and allowed generating an indi­cator of active aging, from which its predictors were iden­tified. Social variables showed high predictive capacity (R² = .214), followed by variables related to lifestyle ( = .154) and individual variables ( = .137). The pro­posed model is considered as a significant contribution in the operationalization of the active aging.

Keywords


active aging; aging model; elderly; health promotion

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.15.2.22903

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