Uso problemático de Internet en adolescentes: relación con sexo, edad, nivel socioeconómico y frecuencia de uso de Internet [Problematic Internet Use among Adolescents: Relationship with Gender, Age, Socioeconomic Status, and Frequency of Internet Use]

Jose Antonio Piqueras Rodríguez, Carlos Garcia-Oliva, Juan Carlos Marzo

Abstract


Resumen

El uso habitual de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación (TICs) se da en todos los colectivos y sectores, si bien su mayor exposición en adolescentes ha hecho que nos preocupemos por las consecuencias negativas que pueda causar en esta población. Se estudia la frecuencia del uso problemático de Internet en adolescentes. Se administró el Cuestionario de Experiencias Relacionadas con Internet (CERI) y medidas ad-hoc para evaluar la frecuencia de uso de Internet y variables sociodemográficas en una muestra de 712 adolescentes de 12 a 18 años de la provincia de Alicante (sureste de España). Los resultados muestran que al menos el 14.8 % presenta puntuaciones elevadas en uso problemático de Internet. Además, se observa que el 20.9 % utiliza más de 4 horas al día Internet, mientras que el 45.4 % hace uso a diario de Internet, y el 51 % más de 10 horas a la semana. Se halló una relación significativa entre PIU y la frecuencia de uso diario, no así entre PIU y variables sociodemográficas. Estos datos suponen una primera aproximación al fenómeno en la provincia de Alicante que sugiere la necesidad de profundizar en estudios sobre este fenómeno emergente.

Abstract

The common use of the information and communication technologies (ICT) occurs in all groups and sectors, while its greater exposure among adolescents has made us to worry about the negative consequences that may cause in this population. We study the frequency of experiences re­lated to the problematic use of Internet (PIU) in adoles­cents. The Questionnaire of Experiences Related with In­ternet (CERI) and ad hoc measures to assess the frequency of Internet use and socio-demographic variables were ad­ministered in a sample of 712 adolescents from 12 to 18 years of the province of Alicante (southeast of Spain). The results showed that at least 14.8 % presents elevated scores on PIU. Furthermore, 20.9 % of the sample used Internet more than 4 hours a day, while the 45.4 % makes use Internet daily, and 51 % more than 10 hours a week. We found a significant relationship between PIU and the frequency of daily use, but not between PIU and socio-demographic variables. These data represent a first ap­proach to the phenomenon in our community, which sug­gests the need for further studies on this emerging phe­nomenon.


Keywords


Uso problemático de internet; PIU; adicción a Internet; prevalencia; adolescencia [Problematic use of Internet; PIU, Internet addiction; Prevalence; Adolescence]

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.16.2.22382

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