Españoles e Inmigrantes Latinoamericanos condenados por violencia de género: ¿Existe un perfil diferencial? [Spanish and Latin-American Immigrants Intimate Partner Violence Offenders: Is there a Differential Profile?]

Viviana Vargas, Marisol Lila, Alba Catalá-Miñana, Enrique Gracia

Abstract


Resumen

Diversas investigaciones destacan el rol de las diferen­cias culturales y de los factores relacionados con la inmi­gración en la violencia contra la pareja. El objetivo de este trabajo era analizar si existe un perfil diferencial en­tre hombres maltratadores españoles (n = 400) e inmi­grantes latinoamericanos (n = 117). Para ello se seleccio­naron variables según el modelo ecológico y se contrasta­ron ambos grupos mediante ANOVAs, MANOVAs y Chi-cuadrados. Los resultados obtenidos indicaron dife­rencias significativas a nivel individual y contextual entre maltratadores españoles e inmigrantes latinoamericanos. Se discuten las implicaciones de estas diferencias en la prevención de la violencia contra la pareja a través de la intervención con los agresores. 

Abstract

Some studies highlight the role of cultural differences and factors related to immigration with intimate partner violence. The aim of this study was to determine if dif­ferential profile related to IPV between Spanish (n = 400) and Latin American immigrant batterers (n = 117) exist. For this purpose, variables are selected according to the ecological model and were compared between groups using ANOVAs, MANOVAs and Chi-square tests. Re­sults showed significant differences at individual and contextual level between groups. Implications of these differences in preventing IPV through intervention with offenders were discussed.


Keywords


Violencia contra la pareja; Maltratadores; Inmigrantes latinoamericanos; Modelo ecológico [Intimate partner violence; Offenders; Latin American immigrants; Ecological model]

References


Aldarondo, E., Kaufman, G. y Jasinski, J. L. (2002). A risk marker analysis of wife assault in Latino families. Violence against Women, 8, 429-454. https://doi.org/10.1177/107780120200800403

Caetano, R., Nelson, S. y Cunradi, C. (2001). Intimate partner violence, dependence symptoms and social consequences from drinking among White, Black and Hispanic couples in United States. The American Journal on Addictions, 10, 60-69. https://doi.org/10.1080/10550490150504146

Caetano, R., Ramisetty-Mikler, S., Wallisch, L., McGrath, C. y Spence, R. (2008). Acculturation, drinking, and alcohol abuse and dependence among Hispanics in the Texas-Mexico border. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 32, 314-321. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-0277.2007.00576.x

Caetano, R., Schafer, J., Clark, C. L., Cunradi, C. B. y Raspberry, K. (2000). Intimate partner violence, acculturation, and alcohol consumption among Hispanic couples in the United States. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15, 30-45. https://doi.org/10.1177/088626000015001003

Capaldi, D., Knoble, N., Shortt, J. W. y Kim, H. K. (2012). A systematic review of risk factors for intimate partner violence. Partner Abuse, 3, 231-280. https://doi.org/10.1891/1946-6560.3.2.231

Carbajosa, P. y Boira, S. (2013). Estado actual y retos futuros de los programas para hombres condenados por violencia de género en España [Current Status and Future Challenges of Programs for Men Convicted of Gender Violence in Spain]. Psychosocial Intervention, 22, 145-152. https://doi.org/10.5093/in2013a17

Carbajosa, P., Lila, M., Negredo, L. y Pérez, M. (2011). El delito de violencia de género y los penados extranjeros [The crime of gender violence and foreigners]. Madrid, España: Ministerio del Interior. Recuperado de http://www.interior.gob.es/file/53/53723/53723.pdf

Cardenal, V. y Sánchez, M. P. (2007). Adaptación y baremación al español del Inventario Clínico Multiaxial de Millon-III (MCMI-III) [Adaptation and Baremation to Spanish of the Multiaxial Clinical Inventory of Millon-III (MCMI-III). Madrid, España: TEA.

Catalá-Miñana, A., Lila, M. y Oliver, A. (2013). Consumo de alcohol en hombre penados por violencia contra la pareja: factores individuales y contextuales [Alcohol Consumption in Men Punished for Intimate Partner Violence: Individual and Contextual Factors]. Adicciones, 25, 19-28. https://doi.org/10.20882/adicciones.68

Catalá-Miñana, A., Lila, M., Oliver, A., Vivo, J. M., Galiana, L. y Gracia, E. (2017). Contextual factors related to alcohol abuse among intimate partner violence. Substance Use & Misuse, 52, 294-302. https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2016.1225097

Cummings, A. M., González-Guarda, R. M. y Sandoval, M. F. (2013). Intimate partner violence among Hispanics: A review of literature. Journal of Family Violence, 28, 153-171. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-012-9478-5

Duke, M. R. y Cunradi, C. B. (2011). Measuring intimate partner violence among male and female farmworkers in San Diego County, C.A. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 17, 59-67.

Erez, E., Adelman, M. y Gregory, C. (2009). Intersections of immigrations and domestic violence: Voices of battered women. Feminist Criminology, 4, 32-56. https://doi.org/10.1177/1557085108325413

European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights. (2014). Violence against women: An EU-wide survey. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Recuperado de http://fra.europa.eu/en/publication/2014/violence-against-women-eu-wide-survey-main-results-report

Expósito, F. y Ruiz, S. (2010). Reeducación de maltratadores: una experiencia de intervención desde la perspectiva de género [Re-education of Perpetrators of Gender Violence: An Intervention Program with Gender Perspective]. Psychosocial Intervention, 19, 145-151. https://doi.org/10.5093/in2010v19n2a6

Fernández-Montalvo, J., Echauri, J., Martínez, M. y Azcárate, J. (2011). Violencia de género e inmigración: perfil diferencial de hombres maltratadores nacionales e inmigrantes [Gender Violence and Immigration: The Differential Profile of Domestic and Immigrant Mistreating Men. Behavioral Psychology, 19, 439-452.

Fernández-Montalvo, J., Echauri, J., Martínez, M., Azcárate, J. y López-Goñi, J. J. (2015). Impact of a court-referred psychological treatment program for intimate partner batterer men with suspended sentences. Violence and Victims, 30, 3-15. https://doi.org/10.1891/0886-6708.VV-D-13-00026

Ferrando, P. y Chico, E. (2000). Adaptación y análisis psicométrico de la escala de deseabilidad social de Marlowe y Crowne [A Spanish Version of the Marlowe and Crowne’s Social Desirability Scale]. Psicothema, 12, 383-389.

Folino, J. O. (2015). Predictive efficacy of violence risk assessment instruments in Latin-America. European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context, 7, 51-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpal.2014.11.006

Gondolf, E. W. (2004). Regional and cultural utility of conventional batterer counseling. Violence against Women, 10, 880-900. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801204266311

Gondolf, E. W. (2012). The future of batterer programs: Reassessing evidence-based practice. Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press.

Gondolf, E. W. y Williams, O. J. (2001). Culturally focused batterer counseling for African American men. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 2, 283-295. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-9133.2007.00441.x

González-Guarda, R. M., Ortega, J., Vásquez, E. P. y De Santis, J. (2010). La mancha negra: substance abuse, violence, and sexual risk among Hispanic males. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 31, 128-148. https://doi.org/10.1177/0193945909343594

González-Guarda, R. M., Peragallo, N., Vásquez, E. P., Urrutia, M. y Mitrani, V. B. (2009). Intimate partner violence, depression, and resource availability among a community sample of Hispanic women. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 30, 227-236. https://doi.org/10.1080/01612840802701109

Gracia, E., García, F. y Lila, M. (2011). Police attitudes toward policing partner violence against women: do they correspond to different psychosocial profiles? Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26, 189-207. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260510362892

Gracia, E. y Herrero, J. (2006a). Public attitudes reporting partner violence against women and reporting behavior. Journal of Marriage and Family, 68, 759-768. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00288.x

Gracia, E. y Herrero, J. (2006b). La comunidad como fuente de apoyo social: evaluación e implicaciones en los ámbitos individual y comunitario [The Community as a Source of Social Support: Evaluation and Implications at the Individual and Community Levels]. Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, 38, 327-342.

Gracia, E., Herrero, J. y Lila, M. (2009). Neighborhood social disorder, social integration in the community, and subjective well-being among Latin-American immigrants in Spain. En D. Chadee, y A. Kostic (Eds.), Research in social psychology (pp. 291-306). St. Augustine, Trinidad: University of the West Indias Press.

Gracia, E., Herrero, J., Lila, M. y Fuente, A. (2009). Perceived neighborhood social disorder and attitudes toward domestic violence against women among Latin-American immigrants. European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context, 1, 25-43.

Gracia, E., López-Quílez, A., Marco, M., Lladosa, S. y Lila, M. (2014). Exploring neighborhood influences on small-area variations in intimate partner violence risk: A bayesian random-effects modeling approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11, 866-882. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110100866

Gracia, E., López-Quílez, A., Marco, M., Lladosa, S. y Lila, M. (2015). The spatial epidemiology of intimate partner violence: do neighborhood matter? American Journal of Epidemiology, 182, 58-66. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwv016

Guillén, N., Roth, E., Alfaro, A. y Fernández, E. (2015). Youth alcohol drinking behavior: Associated risk and protective factors. Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología y Salud, 6, 53-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rips.2015.03.001

Heise, L. (1998). Violence against women: an integrated, ecological framework. Violence against Women, 4, 262-290. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801298004003002

Instituto para la Mujer y para la Igualdad de Oportunidades. (2015a). Personas enjuiciadas y condenadas por violencia contra la mujer según nacionalidad [Persons Prosecuted and Convicted of Violence against Women by Nationality]. Recuperado de http://www.inmujer.gob.es/estadisticas/consulta.do?area=10

Instituto para la Mujer y para la Igualdad de Oportunidades. (2015b). Víctimas mortales según nacionalidad de víctima y según nacionalidad del agresor [Victims of Death According to Nationality of Victim and According to Nationality of the Aggressor. Recuperado de http://www.inmujer.gob.es/estadisticas/consulta.do?area=10

Jasinski, J. L. (2001). Physical violence among Anglo, African-American, and Hispanic couples: Ethnic difference in persistence and cessation. Violence and Victims, 16, 479-490.

Krug, E., Dahlberg, L., Mercy, J., Zwi, A. B. y Lozano, R. (Eds.) (2002). World report on violence and health. Ginebra, Suiza: Organización Mundial de la Salud.

Lila, M. (2013). La intervención con hombres condenados por violencia de pareja contra la mujer en España: Investigación y avances en intervención [Batterer Intervention Programs in Spain: Research and Advances in Intervention]. Psychosocial Intervention, 22, 81-85. https://doi.org/10.5093/in2013a10

Lila, M., Gracia, E. y Catalá-Miñana, A. (2017). More likely to dropout, but what if they don’t? Partner violence offenders with alcohol abuse problems completing batterer intervention programs. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260517699952

Lila, M., Gracia, E, Catalá-Miñana, A., Santirso, F. A. y Romero-Martínez, A. (2016). El consumo abusivo de alcohol en inmigrantes latinoamericanos participantes en programas de intervención para maltratadores: Importancia de la adherencia al tratamiento [Alcohol Abuse in Latin American Immigrants Participating in Intervention Programs for Abusers: the Importance of Adherence to Treatment]. Universitas Psychologica, 15(4). https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy15-4.caai

Lila, M., Gracia, E. y Murgui, S. (2013). Psychological adjustment and victim-blaming among intimate partner violence offenders: The role of social support and stressful life events. European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context, 5, 147-153. https://doi.org/10.5093/ejpalc2013a4

Lila, M., Oliver, A., Catalá-Miñana, A. y Conchell, R. (2014). Recidivism risk reduction assessment in batterer intervention programs: A key indicator for program efficacy evaluation. Psychosocial Intervention, 23, 217-223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psi.2014.11.001

Lila, M., Oliver, A., Catalá-Miñana, A., Galiana, L. y Gracia, E. (2014). The Intimate Partner Violence Responsibility Attribution Scale (IPVRAS). European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context, 6, 29-36. https://doi.org/10.5093/ejpalc2014a4

Lila, M., Oliver, A., Galiana, L. y Gracia, E. (2013). Predicting success indicators of an intervention programme for convicted intimate-partner violence offenders: The Contexto Programme. European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context, 5, 73-95. Recuperado de http://scielo.isciii.es/pdf/ejpalc/v5n1/original4.pdf

Lila, M., Oliver, A., Lorenzo. M. y Catalá, A. (2013). Valoración del riesgo de reincidencia en violencia contra la mujer en las relaciones de pareja: Importancia del apoyo social [Recidivism Risk Assessment in Intimate Partner Violence against Women: Importance of Social Support]. Revista de Psicología Social, 28, 225-236. https://doi.org/10.1174/021347413806196681

Loinaz, I. (2009). Aproximación teórica y empírica al estudio de las tipologías de agresores de pareja. Análisis descriptivo y variables e instrumentos de evaluación en el centro penitenciario Brians-2 [Theoretical and Empirical Approach to the Study of the Typologies of Partner Aggressors. Descriptive Analys, Variables and Evaluation Tools in the Brians-2 Penitentiary Center. Madrid, España: Ministerio del Interior, Secretaría Técnica.

Marco, M., Gracia, E., Tomás, J. M. y López-Quílez, A. (2015). Assessing neighborhood disorder: Validation of a three-factor observational scale. European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context, 7, 81-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpal.2015.05.001

Mayfield, D., McLeod, G. y Hall, P. (1974). The CAGE Questionnaire: Validation of a new alcoholism screening instrument. American Journal of Psychiatry, 131, 1121-1123. https://doi.org/10.1176/ajp.131.10.1121

Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad. (2015). Macroencuesta de la violencia contra la mujer 2015 [Macro-survey of violence against women 2015]. Madrid, España: Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad. Recuperado de http://www.violenciagenero.msssi.gob.es/violenciaEnCifras/estudios/colecciones/pdf/Libro_22_Macroencuesta2015.pdf

Murphy, C. M., Winters, J., O’Farrel, T.., Fals-Stewart, W. y Murphy, M. (2005). Alcohol consumption and intimate partner violence by alcoholic men: Comparing violent and nonviolent conflicts. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 19, 35-42. https://doi.org/10.1037/0893-164X.19.1.35

Novo, M., Herbón, J. y Amado, B. G. (2016). Género y victimización: efectos en la evaluación de la violencia psicológica sutil y manifiesta, apego adulto y tácticas de resolución de conflictos [Victimization and Gender: Effects in the Evaluation of Subtle and Overt Violence, Adult Attachment and Conflict Resolution Tactics]. Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología y Salud, 7, 89-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rips.2016.05.002

Organización Mundial de la Salud. (2013, Junio 20). Violence against women: A ‘global health problem of epidemic proportions’. New clinical and policy guidelines launched to guide health sector response. [Media Centre. News release]. Recuperado de http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2013/violence_against_women_20130620/en/

Organización Mundial de la Salud/London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. (2010). Preventing intimate partner and sexual violence against women: taking action and generating evidence. Ginebra, Suiza: Organización Mundial de la Salud.

Prado, G. y Pantin, H. (2011). Reducing substance use and HIV health disparities among Hispanic youth in the USA: The Familias Unidas program of research. Psychosocial Intervention, 20, 63-73. https://doi.org/10.5093/in2011v20n1a6

Rosenberg, M. (1989). Society and the adolescent self-image (Rev. ed.). Middletown, CT: Westeyan University Press.

Rubio, G., Montero, I., Jáuregui, J., Martínez, M., Álvarez, S., Marín, J. y Santo-Domingo, J. (1998). Validación de la escala de impulsividad de Plutchik en población española [Validation of the Plutchik Scale of Impulsivity in Spanish Population]. Archivos de Neurobiología, 61, 223-232.

Ruíz-Hernández, J. García-Jiménez, J., Llor-Esteban, B. y Godoy-Fernández, C. (2015). Risk factors for intimate violence in prison inmates. European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context, 7, 41-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpal.2014.11.003

Taft, C. T., Murphy, C. M., Elliott, J. y Keaser, M. C. (2011). Race and demographic factors in treatment attendance for domestically abusive men. Journal of Family Violence, 16, 385-400. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1012224910252

Vargas, V., Lila, M. y Catalá-Miñana, A. (2015). ¿Influyen las diferencias culturales en los resultados de los programas de intervención con maltratadores? Un estudio con agresores españoles y latinoamericanos [Do Cultural Differences Influence Batterer Intervention Program Outcomes? A Study with SPANISH and Latin American Offenders]. Psychosocial Intervention, 24, 41-47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psi.2015.03.001

Vaughn, M. G., Salas-Wright, C., Cooper-Sadlo, S., Maynard, B. y Larson, M. (2014). Are immigrants more likely than native-born Americans to perpetrate intimate partner violence? Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30, 1888-1904. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260514549053

Vives-Cases, C., Torrubiano-Domínguez, J., Gil-González, D., La Parra, D., Agudelo-Suárez, A., Davó, M. C., Pérez-Belda, M. C. y Martínez-Román, M. A. (2014). Social and immigration factors in intimate partner violence among Ecuadorians, Moroccans and Romanians living in Spain. European Journal of Public Health, 24, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckt127-

Waller, B. (2016). Broken fixes: a systematic analysis of the effectiveness of modern and postmodern interventions utilized to decrease IPV perpetration among black males remanded to treatment. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 27, 42-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2016.02.003

West, C. (2005). The “political gag order” has been lifted: Violence in ethnically diverse families. En N. J. Sokoloff y C. Pratt (Eds.), Domestic violence at the margins: Readings in race, class, gender, and culture (pp. 157-173). Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Yépez, I. (2014). Escenarios de la migración latinoamericana: La vida familiar transnacional entre Europa y América [Scenarios of Latin American Migration: Transnational Family Life between Europe and Latin America]. Papeles del CEIC, 2, e107. https://doi.org/10.1387/pceic.12992




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.14.2.20753

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments


Copyright (c) 2017 Faculty of Psychology. Applied Psychology Service (UNED)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Attribution-NonCommercial  (CC BY-NC)This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.

 

Accion Psicologica

Applied Psychology Service (SPA), Faculty of Psychology (UNED).

C/ Juan del Rosal nº 10 28040 Madrid.

email: accionpsicologica@psi.uned.es

eISSN: 2255-1271