El consumo de sustancias como factor de riesgo para la conducta delictiva: Una revisión sistemática [Substance Abuse as a Risk Factor for Criminal Behavior: A Systematic Review]

Esther Pérez, Sergio Ruiz



La delincuencia es un problema social que merece el es­tudio de sus causas para su prevención. A lo largo de la historia, se ha estudiado la asociación entre el consumo de sustancias y el crimen, aunque esta relación no está clara. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo conocer los últi­mos hallazgos relativos a la consideración del consumo como factor de riesgo para el delito. Se trata de una Revi­sión Sistemática de trabajos empíricos concernientes al estudio del consumo como posible factor de riesgo de desarrollo de conductas delictivas, publicados entre 2010 y 2015, en español, inglés y portugués. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en Scopus, PsycINFO, Medline y Psicodoc, se incluyeron treinta y dos estudios que se re­visaron con una lista de comprobación de calidad de ar­tículos epidemiológicos. Como resultados se indica que la mayoría de los trabajos incluidos se centraban en el consumo de alcohol, de cannabis o el policonsumo, y casi un 80 % coinciden en que el consumo representa un factor de riesgo en el desarrollo de ciertas tipologías de­lictivas. Como conclusión, conocer este factor de riesgo, podría utilizarse como medio de prevención. Finalmente, se destaca la posibilidad de sesgo de información.


Delinquency is a social problem that deserves study to be prevented. Throughout history, the association between substance abuse and crime has been studied, although this relationship is unclear. The main aim of this paper is to present the latest findings concerning the consideration of substance use as a risk factor for crime. This paper is a systematic review of empirical studies regarding the study of substance as a possible risk factor for the devel­opment of criminal conduct, published between 2010 and 2015, in Spanish, English and Portuguese. A systematic search at Scopus, PsycINFO, Medline and Psicodoc was carried out, including a total of thirty-two studies re­viewed with a checklist of the quality of epidemiological papers. The majority of papers focused on alcohol, can­nabis or poly-drug use, and almost 80% agree that con­sumption is a risk factor for the development of criminal behavior and some types of crimes. This review con­cludes that the knowledge that consumption represents a risk factor could be used as a means of prevention. The possibility of information bias limitation is highlighted.


Delincuencia; Consumo de sustancias; Factores de riesgo; Revisión sistemática [Delinquency; Substance use; Risk factors; Systematic review]


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.14.2.20748


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