Motivational Climate, Self-Determined Motivation, Affects, and Burnout in Athletes: A Multilevel Approach




achievement goal, self-determination, well-being, ill-being, college sports


This study aimed to test a multilevel mediation model that examined the relationship between the per­ceived motivational climate created by coaches at team level and the affects and burnout at individual level, as me­diated by the self-determined motivation. Participants were 745 college athletes from various sports, aged 17 to 28 years old (M = 21.46, DT = 2.14) who completed the instruments that evaluated the study variables (PMCSQ-2, SMS-II, PANAS, and ABQ). The results showed that at the within-team level, self-determined motivation was positively related to positive affect; on the contrary, was negatively related to negative affect and three dimen­sions of burnout. At the between-team level, the percep­tion of the task-involving climate was positively related to self-determined motivation, while the ego-involving climate was negatively related to self-determined moti­vation. Similarly, self-determined motivation was positi­vely related to positive affect and negatively negative af­fect, as well as to the three dimensions of burnout. Both the task-involving climate and ego-involving climates showed an indirect effect on well-being and discomfort through self-determined motivation. It is suggested that coaches generate a task-involving climate to promote the well-being of athletes. 


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How to Cite

Barbosa-Luna, A. E., Tristán, J. L., Tomás, I., González, A., & López-Walle, J. M. (2017). Motivational Climate, Self-Determined Motivation, Affects, and Burnout in Athletes: A Multilevel Approach. Acción Psicológica, 14(1), 105–118.



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