La toma de decisiones en baloncesto. Una propuesta de árboles decisionales para la enseñanza del bloqueo directo [Decision-making in Basketball. A Proposal of Decision Trees for Teaching Pick and Roll]

Ernesto Suárez-Cadenas, Javier Courel-Ibáñez, David Cárdenas-Vélez

Abstract


Resumen

El presente artículo tiene por objetivo clarificar conceptos relacionados con la toma de decisiones en el deporte y proponer su aplicación para la enseñanza-aprendizaje del bloqueo directo (BD) en baloncesto. Se realiza un repaso histórico hasta llegar a las teorías modernas de mayor vigencia en el ámbito deportivo. De la misma forma, se analiza el estado del arte actual de la enseñanza y aprendizaje de la toma de decisiones, mostrando las distintas ventajas e inconvenientes del uso de las estrategias de enseñanza intencional e incidental. Posteriormente, a partir de los conceptos revisados (reglas si-entonces y las distintas estrategias de enseñanza incidental e intencional), se establece una propuesta de entrenamiento del BD en baloncesto. A través de distintos árboles decisionales y de propuestas de tareas específicas se ha intentado resolver el problema de cómo potenciar la toma de decisiones de los jugadores durante el BD atendiendo a la lógica interna y a los principios del juego, pero intentando, a la vez, que los jugadores desarrollen una toma de decisiones propia, única e individual.

 

Abstract

The present paper aimed to clarify concepts related to decision-making in sport and to apply them to the teaching-learning process of the pick and roll in basket­ball. An historical analysis was developed and it was ex­amined the state of the art of the decision-making teach­ing and learning, showing advantages and disadvantages of incidental and intentional teaching strategies. Later, concepts reviewed (if-then rules and incidental and in­tentional teaching strategies) were applied to a proposal for teaching pick and roll. Through different decisional trees and specific training tasks this proposal tries to po­tentiate the players’ decision according to the logical of the game, and at the same time, to promote a unique and individual decision-making. 


Keywords


comportamiento; táctica; interacciones; incertidumbre [behaviour; tactics; interactions; uncertainty]

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.14.1.19259

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