Influence of reaction time and movement in the performance of football referees




reaction time, movement time, Vienna Test System, refereeing, football


The primary objective of this research is to study the re­lationship between reaction time (RT) and movement time (MT) in a sample of 121 football referees. Assess­ment has been performed using an objective computer­ised test (RT, Vienna Test SystemÓ), with regard to the average score obtained for refereeing performance over the season (RAR in Spanish). To perform the analysis, the following variables have been considered: a) Level refereed (2 levels); b) Age (3 levels); and c) Experience (4 levels). The hypothesis states that: (i) The higher the level refereeing at, better results are expected in RT and MT; (ii) The older the referee, the greater the expected value in RT and MT; (iii) The more experienced the ref­eree, the lower the score expected in RT and MT; and (iv) It is expected that there will be a negative correlation between the RAR and the RT and MT scores. The results show that: (i) RT and MT do not differentiate between semi-professionals and amateur referees; (ii) Only the older group has differences in line with the proposed hy­pothesis; (iii) There are no differences in RT and MT re­garding refereeing experience; (iv) The RT scores, tak­ing the optimal transformation parameters, show signifi­cant correlations with the RAR (r = -.271, p = .020); but not regarding the MT and RAR. Future research should take a deeper look into the results obtained, including professional referees in the comparisons, as well as in­vestigating the effects of other psychological variables in refereeing performance.


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How to Cite

De-La_Vega, R., Carrasquilla, D., Ortiz, E., Ruiz, R., & Armenteros, M. (2015). Influence of reaction time and movement in the performance of football referees. Acción Psicológica, 14(1), 17–26.



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