Psychometric properties from a Spanish validation of Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ) [Propiedades psicométricas de la validación Española del Cuestionario de Experiencias Depresivas]

Leticia Linares, David Herrero-Fernández, Leire Iriarte, Ana Estévez

Abstract


Abstract

Introduction: This study assessed the psychometric prop­erties of the Spanish translation of the Depressive Expe­riences Questionnaire (DEQ). This questionnaire measures two different personality dimensions vulnera­ble to two different subtypes of depression, anaclitic de­pression and introjective depression, respectively. Ob­jectives: The aims of this study are to assess the psy­chometric properties of Spanish translation of Depres­sive Experiences Questionnaire and its relationship with at­tachment styles. Method: The sample (N = 416) con­sisted of undergraduate students with a mean of 27.63 (ST = 10.98) years old. The administration was collec­tive and taken under the supervision of the researcher. Results: The results showed good internal consistency, similar to that of other studies. The findings showed sig­nificant re­lationships with other instruments measuring depressive symptomatology and confirmed the hypothe­sis of a rela­tionship between the DEQ and attachment style. Conclu­sion: The Spanish version of the DEQ could be an in­strument for distinguishing the types of personality vul­nerability to different expressions of de­pression in the Spanish population.

 

Resumen

Introducción: Este estudio evaluó las propiedades psicométricas del Cuestionario de Experiencias Depresi­vas en español, que mide dos dimensiones de la perso­nalidad relacionadas con dos subtipos diferentes de de­presión, depresión anaclítica y depresión introyectiva, respectivamente. Objetivo: Los objetivos de este estudio son comprobar las propiedades psicométricas del instru­mento en población española y su relación con los estilos de apego. Método: La muestra ha sido de 416 personas y está formada por universitarios con una media de 27.63 (DT = 10.98) años de edad. La evaluación fue colectiva y llevada bajo la supervisión del investigador. Resultados: Los resultados han mostrado una buena consistencia in­terna, similar a la de otros estudios, así como relaciones significativas con otros instrumentos de evaluación de sintomatología depresiva y del apego. Conclusiones: La versión española del DEQ pueden ser un instrumento para distinguir los tipos de personalidad vulnerables a las diferentes expresiones de la depresión en la población española.


Keywords


depression; personality; vulnerability; attachment [depresión; personalidad; vulnerabilidad; apego; evaluación]

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.14.1.17989

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