Relapse in Smokers Who Quit with a Psychological Treatment: A Gender Issue?

Úrsula Martínez, Elena Fernández del Río, Ana López-Durán, Rubén Rodríguez-Cano, Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Elisardo Becoña

Abstract


Although we have effective treatments for tobacco dependence, relapse is a frequent phenomenon in those who quit. The aim of this study was to analyze whether there were differences by gender in the relapse curve in men and women who participated in a cognitive-behavioral smoking cessation treatment. The sample was composed of 266 individuals (59.8 % women) who were abstinent at the end of treatment. The results indicate that as time after the intervention increases, the percentage of abstinent participants decreases. However, no significant differences between men and women in the relapse curve were found, which could be explained by the inclusion of effective psychological tools to cope with some of the main causes of relapse (e.g., negative affect) in the treatment. Given the importance of relapse in the smoking cessation process, it is necessary to deepen in its triggers.


Keywords


relapse; smoking; gender; psychological treatment



DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.13.1.16722

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Facultad de Psicología. Servicio de Psicología Aplicada.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Attribution-NonCommercial  (CC BY-NC)This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.

 

Accion Psicologica

Applied Psychology Service (SPA), Faculty of Psychology (UNED).

C/ Juan del Rosal nº 10 28040 Madrid.

email: accionpsicologica@psi.uned.es

eISSN: 2255-1271