Turquía: supresión del régimen parlamentario bajo el estado de emergencia. (Observaciones preliminares sobre la modificación constitucional aprobada por el referéndum de 16 de abril de 2017)

Ibrahim Ö. Kaboğlu

Resumen


This paper discusses the politico-constitutional upheavals that took place in Turkey since 15 July 2016. While a state of emergency has been proclaimed to restore the public order disturbed by the attempted military coup, a constitutional modification, addressed to remove the parliamentary system, has been adopted under exceptional circumstances. The first question we considered in this paper is the constitutional practice of the state of emergency proclaimed, both in the perspective of the binding Constitution and the European Convention on Human Rights. Secondly, we analyzed the constitutional modifications, which appear very radical with respect to the continuity of the constitutional order, with respect to the time dimension of its effects, to the procedure adopted and the requirements of the rule of law. We finally asked ourselves whether such «new order»! is sustainable in a political organization conceived as a democratic State based on the rule of law and the respect of human rights.

Palabras clave


estado de emergencia; núcleo duro de derecho; abuso constitucional; desinformación constitucional y deconstitucionalización; fetichismo constitucional; suspensión de derechos del hombre; núcleo duro de derechos del hombre; las vías de recurso; el régimen parlamentario; la presidencialización del régimen; state of emergency; the core of rights; abusive constitutionalism; constitutional disinformation and de-constitutionalizing; constitutional fetishism; suspension of human rights; the core of human rights; parliamentary system; presidential transformation of the regime;

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/trc.40.2017.20916

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