Rechazo parental y ajuste psicológico infantil: efecto moderador del afecto familiar percibido desde una perspectiva multi-informante

Eva Izquierdo-Sotorrio, Miguel A. Carrasco, Francisco P. Holgado-Tello

Resumen


Parental rejection and children’s psychological adjustment: The moderating role of perceived family warmth from a multi-informant perspective.

Abstract: This study explores the moderating effect of children’s perceptions about family environment on the relation between parental acceptance and children’s psychological adjustment, from a multi-informant perspective. The sample consisted in 227 triads, father, mother and child from the same family (children’s mean age 12.52, Sd =1.81) divided in two groups based on children’s level of perceived family warmth. Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ) was used to assess parental acceptance-rejection, and CBCL (Child Behavioral Checklist) and YSR (Youth Self Report) from Achenbach System were used to assess children’s psychological adjustment. Results showed that relations between parental rejection and adjustment depend on the informant used, and that the subjective perception of the child’s contextual affection moderated the effect of maternal rejection on exteriorized problems informed by the father. The need to include children, mothers, and fathers in the assessment of family relations and children´s psychological adjustment is highlighted.

Key words: Multi-informant; parental acceptance-rejection; mother; father: children psychological adjustment.

Resumen: El presente trabajo explora el efecto moderador de la percepción de niños y niñas sobre el ambiente familiar, desde una perspectiva multi-informante, en la relación entre rechazo parental y ajuste psicológico infantil. La muestra estuvo constituida por 227 triadas (padre, madre e hijo/a) de la misma familia (edad media de los menores 12.52 DT = 1.81). La aceptación-rechazo parental se evaluó mediante en PARQ (Parental Acceptance Rejection Questionnaire) y el ajuste mediante el CBCL (Child Behavioral Checklist) e YSR (Youth Self-report). Los resultados mostraron diferencias en la asociación entre rechazo parental y ajuste condicionadas por la fuente informante, y que la percepción subjetiva del menor del afecto contextual moderaba el efecto del rechazo materno sobre los problemas exteriorizados informados por el padre. Se destaca la necesidad de incluir tanto a los propios menores como a sus padres y madres en la evaluación de las relaciones familiares y el ajuste psicológico infantil.

Palabras clave: Multi-informante; aceptación-rechazo parental; madre; padre; ajuste psicológico infantil.


Palabras clave


multi-informante, aceptación-rechazo parental, madre, padre, ajuste psicológico infantil, moderador

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/rppc.26961

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