Biopsychosocial effects of training in recognition, emotional facial reproduction and relaxation: a pilot study

David Alberto Rodríguez, Benjamín Domínguez, Gerardo Leija, María del Rocío Hernández, Leticia Guadalupe Ríos

Resumen


Abstract: Several studies have evaluated emotional facial recognition in people with neurological disorders and psychiatric illnesses. However, few behavioral rehabilitation programs in social skills include training in emotional facial recognition and reproduction. The objective of the present investigation was to develop a pilot brief intervention in recognition and emotional facial reproduction and its deactivation through relaxation, to evaluate its biopsychosocial effects. A pre - post-treatment design was used (N = 22 healthy adults). The results have shown an effect on the decrease of the respiratory rate (p <. 001) and the inflammatory response associated with stress (p < .05), as well as a decrease (p <. 05) of the anxiety score, depression and emotional suppression; and an increase in the social support score. Its clinical utility is discussed in the context of training these skills for mental health professionals and patients with elevated inflammation. 

Keywords: Expression-facial-emotional; IL-6; social support; suppression emotional; depression; anxiety; relaxation. 

Efectos biopsicosociales del entrenamiento en reconocimiento, reproducción facial emocional y relajación: un estudio piloto

Resumen:. Diversos estudios han evaluado el reconocimiento facial emocional en personas con trastornos neurológicos y enfermedades psiquiátricas. Sin embargo, pocos programas de rehabilitación conductual en habilidades sociales incluyen el entrenamiento en reconocimiento y reproducción facial emocional. El objetivo de la presente investigación fue desarrollar una intervención breve piloto en reconocimiento y reproducción facial emocional y su desactivación mediante la relajación, para evaluar sus efectos biopsicosociales. Se utilizó un diseño pre – post tratamiento (N = 22 adultos sanos). Los resultados muestran un efecto sobre la disminución de la tasa respiratoria (p <. 001) y la respuesta inflamatoria de asociada con estrés (p < .05), así como un decremento (p < .05) del  puntaje de ansiedad, depresión y supresión emocional; y un incremento en el puntaje de apoyo social. Su utilidad clínica se discute en el contexto de entrenar estas habilidades para los profesionales en salud mental y en pacientes con inflamación elevada.

Palabras Clave: Expresión-facial-emocional; il-6, apoyo-social; supresión-emocional; depresión; ansiedad; relajación.


Palabras clave


Expression-Facial-Emotional; IL-6; Social-Support; Suppression-Emotional; Depression; Anxiety; Relaxation.

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/rppc.23986

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