Laboratorios educativos en la «educación para todos» en Rusia: de Lenin a Putin

Autores/as

  • Liya Kalinnikova Magnusson Department of Education, Faculty of Business studies and Education, University of Gävle, Sweden http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0481-8665

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5944/reec.39.2021.30829

Palabras clave:

niños con discapacidad, Educación para Todos, ideología hegemónica, análisis de políticas, agenda de políticas, condiciones políticas, investigación cualitativa

Resumen

El desarrollo de la educación para todos es un nexo /eslabón simbólico entre las refor- mas de política educativa para el acceso a la educación de cada miembro de la sociedad rusa. En Rusia, la formación de esta agenda de reformas estuvo fuertemente arraigada en la doctrina de la ideología soviética, basada en los valores igualitarios y en la hege- monía del humanismo proletario. Al responder ideológicamente a las necesidades de la industrialización, esta agenda de políticas primarias obstaculizó fuertemente en el sis- tema escolar público el derecho básico a la educación de los niños con discapacidad. Esta investigación trata la historia de la formación de la educación para todos, abordando la legalización de la educación social con dos marcos temporales: el soviético y el postsovié- tico. A partir de un enfoque metodológico cualitativo, esta investigación está basada en un análisis de texto de las siguientes fuentes primarias retrospectivas y contemporáneas: los principales documentos de política estatal, en materia de justicia social y equidad, las leyes educativas, las órdenes gubernamentales y otros documentos reguladores de la educación de niños con discapacidad. Este estudio incluye también el análisis de los siguientes datos secundarios a saber: estadísticas, datos de casos, etc., recogidos en fuen- tes históricas y actuales. así publicaciones revisadas por pares, estadísticas gubernamen- tales, archivos estatales, etc. Las preguntas de investigación del estudio son: ¿Cuáles son las características principales de la agenda política retrospectiva y contemporánea con- cerniente a los niños con discapacidad? ¿Qué desafíos estructurales tuvieron lugar y qué plan de estudios se creó e implementó a lo largo del tiempo? ¿Qué perspectiva científica surgió y transitó en la pedagogía especial? En está investigación se combina dos grandes temas: «Contornos deseados del futuro y un orden estatal para la experimentación» y «Experimentación inconclusa: interrumpir el patrón». Ambos temas están organizados en subtemas y se los discuten para comprender los aportes de la educación especial a la educación para todos.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Biografía del autor/a

Liya Kalinnikova Magnusson, Department of Education, Faculty of Business studies and Education, University of Gävle, Sweden

PhD in special education,

senior lecturer in special education

Citas

References

Anaikina, L. (2001). Partiino-gosudarstvennaya politika v sphere narodnogo obrazovaniya v RSFSR (1922-1991) [Party-State policy in the sphere of people’s education in the RSFSR (1922/1991)], Diss… d-ra istorich. nauk, RGB.

Anderson, B., Silver, B. & Velkoff, A. (1987). Education of the Handikapped in the USSR: exploration of the Statistics Picture, Soviet Studies, Vol. XXXIX (3, July), 468-488.

Anomalnie deti [Abnormal children] (1964). In (Eds)A. Diyachkov, N. Slezina, U. Kulagin, L. Heiman, F.Rau & B. Barash, Kratkiy defektologichesky slovar [Short defectological vocabulary], pp. 12-13. Moskva: Prosveshenie.

Blonsky, P. (1925). Pedologiya [Pedology], Moskva: ‘Rabotnik prosvesheniya’.

Buchert, L. (1995). The Concept of Education for All: What Has Happened after Jomtien? International Review of Education / Internationale Zeitschrift Für Erziehungswissenschaft / Revue Internationale De L'Education, 41(6), 537-549. Retrieved June 4, 2021, http://www.jstor.org/stable/3445167

Defectologiya [Defectology]. (1964). In (Eds) A. Diyachkov, N. Slezina, U. Kulagin, L. Heiman, F.Rau & B. Barash, Kratkiy defektologichesky slovar [Short defectological vocabulary], pp. 64-65. Moskva: Prosveshenie.

Defectologicheskii slovar [Defectological vocabulary]. (1970). Edited by A. Diyachkov, T. Vlasova, U. Kulagin, L. Heiman, F. Rau & N. Slezina. Moskva: Pedagogika.

Diyachkov, A. (1968). Voprosi teorii obucheniya v spetsialnih shkolah [Issues of theory of education in special schools], Spetsialnaya shkola, 3(129), 3-7.

Diyachkov, A. (1967a). Osnovnie etapi Sovetskoi sistemi vospitaniya i obucheniya anomalnih detei. Vozniknovenie Sovetskoi sistemi vospitaniya i obuchenoya anomalnih detei i preobrzovanie spetsialnih shkol (1917-1920) [Main developmental stages of the Soviet system of upbringing and education abnormal children. Appearance of the Soviet system of upbringing and education abnormal children and transformation of special schools], Spetsialnaya shkola, 1(121), 3-12.

Diyachkov, A. (1967b). Osnovnie etapi Sovetskoi sistemi vospitaniya i obucheniya anomalnih detei. Opredelenie printsipov systemi vospitaniya i obucheniya anomalnih detej. Razvitie spetsialnih shkol (1920-1930) [Main developmental stages of the Soviet system of upbringing and education abnormal children. Definition of principles of the system of upbringing and education abnormal children. Development of special schools], Spetsialnaya shkola, 2(122), 3-12.

Diyachkov, A. (1967c). Osnovnie etapi Sovetskoi sistemi vospitaniya i obucheniya anomalnih detei. Vospitanie i obuchenie anomalnih detej (1945-1967) [Main developmental stages of the Soviet system of upbringing and education abnormal children. Upbringing and educating abnormal children (1945-1967)], Spetsialnaya shkola, 5(125), 3-13.

Diyachkov, A. (1958). Razvitie sovetskoi defectologii za 40 let [Development of the Soviet defectology during 40 years], Spetsialnaya shkola, 2(85), 3-19.

Diyachkov, A. (1957). K 40-letiu spetsialnih shkol [To the 40 years of special schools]. In (Eds.) A. Diyachkov & V. Tarasova. Uchebno-vospitatelnaya rabota v spetsialnih sholah [Education-upbringing work in special school], pp. 5-24. Moskva: Gosudarstvennoe nauchno-pedagogicheskoe isdatelstvo Ministerstva Prosveshemiya RSFSR.

Dneprov, E. (2011). Obrazovanie i politika. Noveishaya politicheskaya istoriya rossiiskogo obrazovaniya [Education and politics. A Newest political history of Russian education], Vol.1. Moskva: Marios.

Dulnev, G. & Luriya, A. (Eds.) (1973). Principi otbora detei vo vspomogatelnie shkoli [Priniciples of selection of children in auxiliary schools], (3e isdanie). Moskva: Prosveshenie.

Dulnev, G. (1960). Aktualnie voprosi raboti s gluboko otstalimi detmi: obuchenie I vospitanie umstvenno otstalih detei [Actual issues of work with severely mentally disabled children: Education and upbringing of mentally retarded children]. Moskva: Prosveshenie.

Dulnev, G. (1955). Kniga dlya uchitelya vspomogatelnoi shkoli [Book for a teacher of an auxiliary school]. Moskva: Uchpedgiz.

Engelhart, M. (1972). Methods of educational research.Chicago: Duke University/Rand McNally.

Hopper, E. (1977). A typology for the Classification of Educational system, in (Eds) J. Karabel & F.H. Halsey Power and Ideology in Education, pp. 153-172. New York Oxford University Press.

Humanism. (1959). In (Eds.) B. Vvedenskii, N. Anichlov, A. Baranov, N. Baranov, I. Bardin, A. Blagonravov, V. Vinogradov, B. Vul, A. Grogiriev, A. Denisov, E. Zhukov, A. Zvorikin, B. Ioganson, A. Kapustinskii, G. Keldish, I. Knunyants, A. Kolmogorov, F. Konstantinov, V. Kurasov … P. Udin, Malaya Sovetskaya Encyclopedia [Short Soviet Encyclopedia], Vol.3, 227. Gosudarstvennoe nauchnoe izdatelstvo: ‘Bolshaya Sovetskaya Encyclopedia’.

Galmarini, M. (2012). The "right to be helped": welfare policies and notions of rights at the margin of soviet society, 1917-1950 (PhD diss.), University of Illinois.

Jones, P. (2007). WCEFA: a moment in the history of multilateral education, In (Eds) D. Baker, & A. Wiseman, Education for All : Global Promises, National Challenges, Vol. 1st, pp. 521-538. JAI Press Inc.

Kalinnikova, L., & Trygged, S. (2014). A retrospective on care and denial of children with disabilities in Russia. Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, 16(3), 229–248. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1080/15017419.2013.861865

Kalinnikova Magnusson, L. & Walton, E. (2021). Challenges Arising from the Special Education Legacy in Russia and South Africa: A Cross-Case Analysis. Compare. [Accepted]. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2021.1932421 & urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-34064

Kashenko, V. (Ed). (1912). Obshestvo, shkola i defektivnie deti [Society, school and defective children], Moskva: Knigoizdatelstvo K. L. Tihomirova.

Kisova, V. (2017). Istoriya i sovremennoe sostoyanie Rossiiskoi sistemi obrazovaniya dlya detei s zaderzhkoi psihicheskogo razvitiya [The history and the current state of the system of education for children with developmental delay]. Problemi sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovaniya, 55(4), 235-244.

Knox, J., & C. Stevens. (1993). Vygotsky and Soviet Russian Defectology. In R. Reiber & Carton, A. (Eds) The Collected Works of L. S. Vygotsky. The Fundamentals of Defectology (Abnormal Psychology and Learning Disabilities), Vol. 2, pp. 214–216. New York: Plenum Press.

Konstitutsiya SSSR [Constitution of the USSR]. (1959). In (Eds.) B. Vvedenskii, N. Anichlov, A. Baranov, N. Baranov, I. Bardin, A. Blagonravov, V. Vinogradov, B. Vul, A. Grogiriev, A. Denisov, E. Zhukov, A. Zvorikin, B. Ioganson, A. Kapustinskii, G. Keldish, I. Knunyants, A. Kolmogorov, F. Konstantinov, V. Kurasov … P. Udin, Malaya Sovetskaya Encyclopedia [Short Soviet Encyclopedia], Vol.4, pp. 1160-1161. Gosudarstvennoe nauchnoe izdatelstvo: ‘Bolshaya Sovetskaya Encyclopedia’.

Konstitutsiya Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Constitution of the Russian Federation]. (1993). Article 43. http://kremlin.ru/acts/constitution/item#chapter2

Konstitutsiya Rossiiskoi Sovetskoi Federativnoi Sotsialisticheskoi Respubliki. [Constitution of the RSFSR]. (1918). http://www.hist.msu.ru/ER/Etext/cnst1918.htm#1

Konstitutsiya Rossiiskoi Sovetskoi Federativnoi Sotsialisticheskoi Respubliki. [Constitution of the RSFSR]. (1925). http://www.rusconstitution.ru/library/constitution/articles/932/

Konstitutsiya Souza Sovetskih Sotsialisticheskih Respublik [Constitution of the USSR]. (1977). http://constitution.garant.ru/history/ussr-rsfsr/1977/red_1977/5478732/

Konstitutsiya Souza Sovetskih Sotsialisticheskih Respublik [Constitution of the USSR]. (1936). http://constitution.garant.ru/history/ussr-rsfsr/1936/red_1936/3958676/chapter/1/#block_1100

Korobkova, O. (2011). ‘Svoi i Chuzhie’ v dorevolutsionnom politicheskom diskurse Bolshevokov i Sovetskom totalitarnom diskurse [“Friends and Foes” in the pre-revolutionary political discourse of Bolsheviks and in the Soviet totalitarian discourse], Politicheskaya lingvistika. 4(38), 97-103. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/svoi-chuzhie-v-dorevolyutsionnom-politicheskom-diskurse-bolshevikov-i-sovetskom-totalitarnom-diskurse

Kozlovskaya, G. (2003). Rossiiskoe obrazovanie v postsovetskii period, 1991-1999 [Russian education in Post Soviet period, 1991-1999], diss… d-ra ist. nauk, RGB.

Kratkiy defektologichesky slovar [Short defectological vocabulary] (1964), edited by A. Diyachkov, N. Slezina, U. Kulagin, L. Heiman, F.Rau & B. Barash (Eds). Moskva: Prosveshenie.

Kulagina, E. (2012). Regionalnie disproportsii v nakoplenii realizatsii obrazovatelnogo potentsiala [Regional disproportionality in the accumulation and implementation of educational potential], Ekonomoka Regiona, 1, 5-62. https://doi.org/10.17059/2012-1-4

Sbornik rukovodyashih i instruktivnih materialov. V pomosh direcktoru spetsialnoi shkoli [Collection of guidance and instructional materials. To the help to the director of a special school], (1982), (Ed) Kuznetsova, G. Moskva: Prosveshenie.

Lubovsky, V. (1989). Psihologicheskie problemi diagnostiki anomalnogo razvitiya [Psychological problems of diagnostics of abnormal development of children]. Pedagogika.

Malofeev, N. (2000). Istoriya stanovleniya i razvitiya natsionalnih sistem spetsialnogo obrazovaniya (sotsio-kulturnii kontekst) [The history of the formation and development of national systems of special education (sociocultural context), In N. Nazarova (Ed) Spetsialnaya Pedagogika [Special Pedagogy], pp. 87-121. Moskva: Akademiya.

May, T. (2001). Samhällsvetenskaplig forskning. [Research in social sciences]. Studentlitteratur.

Merriam, S. B. (1988). Case study research in education: A qualitative approach. Jossey-Bass.

Mazurek, K. & Winzer, M. (1994). Introduction. In K. Mazurek K. & M Winzer (Eds.). Comparative studies in special education, pp. xvii-xxxix. Gallaudet University Press.

Mundy, K. (2007). Education for all: paradoxes and prospects of a global promise, in D. Baker, & A. Wiseman (Eds) Education for All : Global Promises, National Challenges, Vol. 1, pp.1-30. JAI Press Inc.

Naumov, N. (2005). Filosofskie osnovaniya pedagogicheskih teorii v Rossii v XX v. [Philosophic foundation of pedagogical theories in Russia in XX centuary], Diss… d-ra filosof. nauk, RGB.

Nazarova N. (2020). Comparative analysis of the inclusive education paradigm implementation in Russia and abroad. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovania [Perspectives of Science and Education], 44(2), 354-365. doi:10.32744/pse.2020.2.28

Nazarova, N. (2008). “Korrektsiya Defektologii” [Correction of Defectology], Spetsialnoe obrazovanie, 10, 5-10.

Nazarova, N. (Ed.) (2000). Spetsialnaya Pedagogika [Special Pedagogy]. Moskva: Akademiya.

Ob institute [About Institution]. (2021). web page of the Institute of Correctional Pedagogy of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the RF. https://ikp-rao.ru/institut/ob-institute/

Popkewitz, (1984). Soviet Pedagogical Science: Visions and Contradictions. Curriculum Studies,16(2), 111-130. https://doi.org/10.1080/0022027840160202

Proekt zakona RF o spetsialnom obrazovanii. (1995). [Project of the law of RF of special education]. http://council.gov.ru/activity/documents/6122/

Richardson, J. & Powell, J. W. (2011). The origins of special education. Comparing Special Education: Origins to Contemporary Paradoxes. Stanford University Press.

Pedology (1959). In (Eds.) B. Vvedenskii, N. Anichlov, A. Baranov, N. Baranov, I. Bardin, A. Blagonravov, V. Vinogradov, B. Vul, A. Grogiriev, A. Denisov, E. Zhukov, A. Zvorikin, B. Ioganson, A. Kapustinskii, G. Keldish, I. Knunyants, A. Kolmogorov, F. Konstantinov, V. Kurasov … P. Udin, Malaya Sovetskaya Encyclopedia [Short Soviet Encyclopedia], Vol.6, pp.1266. Gosudarstvennoe nauchnoe izdatelstvo : ‘Bolshaya Sovetskaya Encyclopedia’.

Pevzner, M. (1966). Deti s otkloneniyami v razvitii (otgranichenie ot shodnih sostoyany) [Children with developmental disabilities (a delimitation from similar conditions)], Moskva: Prosveshenie.

Postanovlenie Verhovnogo Soveta SSSR (1984). Ob osnovnih napravleniyah reformi obsheobrazovatelnoi i professionalnoi shkoli N13-XI.[Suprim Council of the USSR. The main directions of the reforms in general and professional school ‘CZ SSSR’, 1990, Vol.3, p. 220. http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=ESU&n=636#09455145306599024

Postanovlenie TsK VKPb (1936). O Pedologicheskih izvrasheniyah v systeme Narkomprossov [Decree of the Central Committee of VCPb About Pedological perversions in the system of the People's Commissariat for Education]. www.zaki.ru

Postanovlenie TsIK SSSR (1930). ‘O vseobshem obyazatelnom nachalnom obrazovanii’ N43 [Resolution of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR ‘On universal compulsory primary education’ N43], 308, p. 420. ‘CZ SSSR’. http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=ESU&n=15948#05749493900604982

Rodin, A. (1998). Iz istorii zapreta pedologii v SSSR [From the history of the ban of pedology in the USSR], Pedagogy, 4, 92-98.

Sherrer, U. (2020). Sovetskii i rossiiskii gumanism. Istoriya ponyatiya [Soviet and Russian humanism. The history of the concept], Obshaya tetrad, Vestnik shkoli grazhdanskogo prosveshenoya, 78(1-2). https://otetrad.ru/article-1874.html

Sirotkina, I. & R. Smith. (2012). Russian Federation. In The Oxford Handbook of the History of Psychology, edited by D. B. Baker. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Tsikoto, G. (1979). Ob intellektualnom razvitii detei-imbetsilov [About intellectual development of children-imbetsils]. Defektologiya, 1, 14-19.

United Nations. (2015). Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (1990). World Conference on EFA. https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000085625 (March 1, 2021).

UNESCO. (2015). Incheon Declaration and Framework for Action: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. Paris: UNESCO.

Vlasova, T. (1971). Problema differentsiatsii obucheniya anomalnih detey [The problem of differentiation of education for abnormal children], in (Eds) T. Vlasova, B. Beltukov, A. Gozova, A. Koplan, U. Kulagina, V. Lubovskii, V. Petrova, E. Martsinovskaya & L.Tigranova, 6aya Nauchnaya sessiya po defektologii [6th Scientific session in defectology, June, 14-17, 1971], pp. 3-13. Moskva: Poligrafist.

Vatazhina, A. & N. Malinkin. (1971). Metodicheskoe posobie po vospitaniu i obucheniu detei s glubokoi umstvennoi otstalostu v vozraste ot 4 do 10 let [Methodological materials for education and upbringing children with severe mental retardation from 4 till 10 years old]. Moskva: TsIETIN.

Vygotsky, L. (1993). Fundamental Principles in Plan for Pedological Research in the Field “Difficult Children, in (Ed.) J. Knox, The Collected Works of L.S.Vygotsky. The Fundamentals of Defectology, Vol. 2, pp. 184-190.

Vygotsky, L. (Ed). (1924). Voprosi vospitaniya slepih, gluhonemih i umstvenno-otstalih detei [Issues of upbringing of blind, deaf-mute and metally retarded], Moskva.

Zakon RF. (1992). ‘Ob obrazovanii’ [Russian Federation ‘Law of Education’]. http://fgosvo.ru/uploadfiles/npo/20120330235140.pdf

Zakon [The Law]. (1973). Ob utverzhdenii osnov zakonodatelstva Souza SSR i souznih respublik o narodnom obrazovanii [On approval of a legal framework of the Unite of the SSR and the union republics about the public education]. http://ppt.ru/newstext.phtml?id=42674

Zakon [The Law]. (1958). Ob ukreplenii svyazi shkoli s zhisnu i o dalneshem razvitii sistemi narodnogo obrazovaniya v SSSR [On Strengthening relations between school and life and further development of the system of public education in the USSR]. Vol 1. Moskva: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo politicheskoi literaturi. http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=ESU&n=9934#08501295814271616

Zamsky, H. (1974). Istoriya oligofrenopedagogiki [History of oligofreno-pedagogy], (2e isdanie), Moskva: Prosveshenie.

Descargas

Publicado

2021-06-27

Cómo citar

Kalinnikova Magnusson, L. (2021). Laboratorios educativos en la «educación para todos» en Rusia: de Lenin a Putin. Revista Española De Educación Comparada, (39), 81–102. https://doi.org/10.5944/reec.39.2021.30829

Número

Sección

MONOGRÁFICO: La educación en los países emergentes: ¿nuevos laboratorios educativos del siglo XXI?