El colegio electoral y su historia: de los debates constitucionales a las elecciones de 2016 = The Electoral College and its History: From the Constitutional Debates to the 2016 Elections

Pedro Francisco Ramos Josa

Resumen


El presente artículo tiene por objeto analizar la finalidad y utilidad de la institución del Colegio Electoral en el sistema político de Estados Unidos. Para dicho propósito haré un repaso histórico de los orígenes constitucionales del Colegio Electoral, seguido de una descripción de su evolución a lo largo de más de 200 años de existencia, finalizando con un análisis de su influencia en el resultado de las últimas elecciones presidenciales del pasado 8 de noviembre de 2016. Por último, y teniendo en cuenta todo lo anterior, valoraré la relación entre el Colegio Electoral y la democracia estadounidense.

It is the object of the present article to analyze the purpose and usefulness of the institution of the Electoral College in the United States political system. For that purpose I will make a historical review of the Electoral College constitutional origins, followed by a description of its evolution throughout more than 200 years of existence, to conclude with a review of the main arguments for and against the Electoral College. Finally, and bearing in mind the aforementioned, I will assess the relationship between the Electoral College and the American democracy.


Palabras clave


Republicanismo; Padres Fundadores; división de poderes; equilibrio estatal; Decimosegunda Enmienda y Donald Trump = Republicanism; Founding Fathers; Separation of Powers; State Balance; Twelfth Amendment and Donald Trump

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/etfv.30.2018.20419

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Copyright (c) 2018 Pedro Francisco Ramos Josa

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Revistas Espacio, Tiempo y Forma. Series I-VII
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